Online King Records Access (OKRA)

''Letter From Birmingham City Jail''

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630624-000
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
New York, N.Y.
Document Date
6/24/1963
Genre
Article
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Author Affiliation
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Document ID
630624-000
Document Date
6/24/1963
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Document Type
Document
Type of Signature
Signed (Handwritten signature of author)
Status
Cal. 8
Place Written
New York, N.Y.
Genre
Article
Document Length
10 pp.
Document Note
Enclosed in 630621-001.
Published In
New Leader 66 (24 June 1963): 3-11.
Dates
4/16/1963
9/1962
3/1963
1954
4/12/1963
4/7/1963
Names
Paul, the Apostle, Saint
Shuttlesworth, Fred L. [Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)]
Connor, Eugene [Birmingham (Ala.). Dept. of Public Safety]
Socrates
Boutwell, Albert Burton [Birmingham (Ala.). Office of the Mayor]
Niebuhr, Reinhold
King, Yolanda
King, Martin Luther, III
Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo
Aquinas, Thomas, Saint
Buber, Martin
Tillich, Paul
Shadrach (Biblical figure)
Meshach (Biblical figure)
Abednego (Biblical figure)
Nebuchadnezzar II, King of Babylonia, d. 562 B.C.
Hitler, Adolf
Jesus Christ
Elijah Muhammad
Amos (Biblical prophet)
Luther, Martin
Bunyan, John
Lincoln, Abraham
Jefferson, Thomas
McGill, Ralph
Smith, Lillian Eugenia
Golden, Harry
Dabbs, James McBride
Stallings, Earl [First Baptist Church (Birmingham, Ala.)]
Barnett, Ross R. [Mississippi. Office of the Governor]
Wallace, George C. (George Corley) [Alabama. Office of the Governor]
King, Martin Luther
Williams, Adam Daniel (A. D.)
Williams, Willis
Pritchett, Laurie [Albany (Ga.). Police Dept.]
Eliot, T. S. (Thomas Stearns)
Meredith, James
Organizations
Birmingham City Jail (Birmingham, Ala.)
Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)
Birmingham (Ala.). Dept. of Public Safety
Birmingham (Ala.). Office of the Mayor
United States. Supreme Court
Alabama. Legislature. Senate.
Alabama. Legislature. House of Representatives.
Ku Klux Klan
White Citizens Council
First Baptist Church (Birmingham, Ala.)
Spring Hill College (Mobile, Ala.)
Birmingham (Ala.). Police Dept.
Mississippi. Office of the Governor
Alabama. Office of the Governor
Albany (Ga.). Police Dept.
Places
Atlanta, Ga.
Birmingham, Ala.
New Orleans, La.
Montgomery, Ala.
Albany, Ga.
Texas
Mississippi
Germany
Hungary
Plymouth, Mass.
Topics
Letter from a Birmingham Jail
Afro-Americans - Civil rights
Albany Movement
Birmingham, 1963
Civil Disobedience
Civil rights
Direct action
Jews
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Arrests
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Natural law
Nonviolence
Police - Complaints against
Segregation--law and legislation
Church and Race Relations
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Publications - Reprints
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Political and Social views
Sit-ins
Freedom rides
Other Topics
Matthew 5:44
Amos 5:24
Galatians 6:17
Acts 5:29
Code for Location of Original
labc-MiU
Location of Original
Labadie Collection, University of Michigan, Hatcher Library, Ann Arbor
Copy Location (1)
RJBPC-CLU-AR, Ralph J. Bunche Collection (2051), University of California, Los Angeles, Charles E. Young Research Library, Special Collections, Los Angeles, Calif.
Copy Location (2)
MLKJP-GAMK, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers (Series I-IV), Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Copy Location (3)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
5/15/1996 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
05/17/1996
Date Updated
3/22/2016 4:54:09 PM
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''More Devoted to 'Order' Than to Justice''

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630712-035
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Document Date
7/12/1963
Genre
Published article
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Document ID
630712-035
Document Date
7/12/1963
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Document Type
Document
Status
Cal. 8
Genre
Published article
Document Length
2 pp.
Published In
The Dispatcher, July 12, 1963
Dates
4/16/1963
9/1962
3/1963
Names
Paul, the Apostle, Saint
Shuttlesworth, Fred L. [Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)]
Connor, Eugene [Birmingham (Ala.). Dept. of Public Safety]
Socrates
Boutwell, Albert Burton [Birmingham (Ala.). Office of the Mayor]
Niebuhr, Reinhold
King, Yolanda
King, Martin Luther, III
Elijah Muhammad
McGill, Ralph
Smith, Lillian Eugenia
Golden, Harry
Dabbs, James McBride
Stallings, Earl [First Baptist Church (Birmingham, Ala.)]
Barnett, Ross R. [Mississippi. Office of the Governor]
Wallace, George C. (George Corley) [Alabama. Office of the Governor]
King, Martin Luther
Williams, Adam Daniel (A. D.)
Williams, Willis
Pritchett, Laurie [Albany (Ga.). Police Dept.]
Eliot, T. S. (Thomas Stearns)
Meredith, James
Organizations
Birmingham City Jail (Birmingham, Ala.)
Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)
United States. Supreme Court
Ku Klux Klan
White Citizens Council
Birmingham (Ala.). Police Dept.
Birmingham (Ala.). Dept. of Public Safety
Birmingham (Ala.). Office of the Mayor
Mississippi. Office of the Governor
Alabama. Office of the Governor
Albany (Ga.). Police Dept.
Places
Atlanta, Ga.
Birmingham, Ala.
Albany, Ga.
Mississippi
Texas
New Orleans, La.
Topics
Letter from a Birmingham Jail
Afro-Americans - Civil rights
Albany Movement
Birmingham, 1963
Civil Disobedience
Civil rights
Direct action
Jews
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Arrests
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Publications - Reprints
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Natural law
Nonviolence
Police - Complaints against
Segregation--law and legislation
Church and Race Relations
Other Topics
Matthew 5:44
Amos 5:24
Galatians 6:17
Code for Location of Original
CSfIL
Location of Original
International Longshoreman's and Warehousemen's Union, San Francisco, Calif.
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
10/15/2010 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
11/12/2010
11/15/2010 alexmw
Date Updated
3/23/2016 11:21:56 AM
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''The Negro Is Your Brother''

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630800-008
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
Boston, Mass.
Document Date
8/1963
Genre
Published article
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Author Affiliation
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Document ID
630800-008
Document Date
8/1963
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Document Type
Document
Status
Not in
Place Written
Boston, Mass.
Genre
Published article
Document Length
7 pp.
Published In
Atlantic Monthly 212 (August 1963): 78-81, 86-88.
Dates
4/16/1963
1929
9/1962
3/1963
1954
4/12/1963
Names
Paul, the Apostle, Saint
Jesus Christ
Shuttlesworth, Fred L. [Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)]
Connor, Eugene
Socrates
Boutwell, Albert Burton
Niebuhr, Reinhold
King, Yolanda
King, Martin Luther, III
Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo
Aquinas, Thomas, Saint
Buber, Martin
Tillich, Paul
Shadrach (Biblical figure)
Meshach (Biblical figure)
Abednego (Biblical figure)
Nebuchadnezzar II, King of Babylonia, d. 562 B.C.
Hitler, Adolf
Elijah Muhammad
Amos (Biblical prophet)
Luther, Martin
Bunyan, John
Lincoln, Abraham
Jefferson, Thomas
McGill, Ralph
Smith, Lillian Eugenia
Golden, Harry
Dabbs, James McBride
Stallings, Earl [First Baptist Church (Birmingham, Ala.)]
Meredith, James
Organizations
Morehouse College (Atlanta, Ga.)
Crozer Theological Seminary
Boston University
Birmingham City Jail (Birmingham, Ala.)
Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)
Funtown (Atlanta, Ga.)
United States. Supreme Court
Alabama. Legislature. Senate
Alabama. Legislature. House of Representatives
White Citizens Council
Ku Klux Klan
First Baptist Church (Birmingham, Ala.)
Spring Hill College (Mobile, Ala.)
Birmingham (Ala.). Police Dept.
Places
Chester, Pa.
Atlanta, Ga.
Birmingham, Ala.
Asia
Africa
Germany
Hungary
Texas
South America
Caribbean
Montgomery, Ala.
Plymouth, Mass.
Topics
Letter from a Birmingham Jail
Afro-Americans - Civil rights
Albany Movement
Birmingham, 1963
Civil Disobedience
Civil rights
Direct action
Jews
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Arrests
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Natural law
Nonviolence
Police - Complaints against
Segregation--law and legislation
Church and Race Relations
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Publications - Reprints
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Political and Social views
Other Topics
Amos 5:24
Matthew 5:44
Galatians 6:17
Code for Location of Original
MLKPP
Location of Original
Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
7/22/1999 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
11/09/1999
Date Updated
6/29/2016 2:40:34 PM
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History, Program, Structure and Leadership

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630800-012
Author
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
Place Written
Atlanta, Ga.
Document Date
[8/1963]
Genre
Pamphlet
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Author
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
Document ID
630800-012
Document Date
[8/1963]
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Document Type
Document
Status
Undecided
Place Written
Atlanta, Ga.
Genre
Pamphlet
Document Length
2 pp.
Dates
5/1963
10/1960
10/1961
11/1961
Names
Lewis, John
Forman, James
Long, Worth
Bond, Julian
Moses, Robert Parris
Sherrod, Charles
LaFayette, Bernard
Hansen, William
Robinson, Reginald
Lyon, Danny
Places
Danville, Va.
Ruleville, Miss.
Savannah, Ga.
Albany, Ga.
McComb, Miss.
Raleigh, N.C.
Topics
Albany Movement
Freedom rides
Voter registration
Code for Location of Original
CSKC-INP
Location of Original
Coretta Scott King Collection, In Private Hands
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
5/5/2003 12:00:00 AM
Date Updated
12/6/2010 3:52:17 PM
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Letter to Martin Luther King, Jr.

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630802-006
Author
Reddick, Lawrence Dunbar
Place Written
Baltimore, Md.
Document Date
8/2/1963
Genre
Letter
Document Type
Letter
Type of Writing
Typed
Author
Reddick, Lawrence Dunbar
Author Dates
1910-1995
Author Affiliation
Coppin State Teachers College (Baltimore, Md.)
Document ID
630802-006
Document Date
8/2/1963
Type of Writing
Typed
Document Type
Letter
Type of Signature
Signed (Handwritten signature of author)
Status
Cal. 8
Place Written
Baltimore, Md.
Genre
Letter
Document Length
2 pp.
Names
King, Martin Luther, Jr. [Southern Christian Leadership Conference]
Richardson, Gloria
Logan, Clara
Walker, Wyatt Tee
Organizations
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Places
Albany, Ga.
Birmingham, Ala.
Atlanta, Ga.
Richmond, Va.
Cambridge, Md.
Washington, D.C.
Topics
Civil rights movements
Communism
Legislative hearings--United States
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Public Speaking
Southern Christian Leadership Conference--Finance
Southern Christian Leadership Conference--meetings
Southern Christian Leadership Conference--staff
Southern Christian Leadership Conference--strategic planning
Albany Movement
Birmingham, 1963
Code for Location of Original
MLKJP-GAMK
Location of Original
Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers (Series I-IV), Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Location of Original - Detail
Box 20, folder 4
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
8/12/2003 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
8/21/2003 16:40:25
ebrummel
Date Updated
11/22/2016 10:37:06 AM
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Press release, Federal indictment against Albany defendants meant to appease segregationists

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630917-003
Author
Southern Conference Educational Fund
Place Written
New Orleans, La.
Document Date
9/17/1963
Genre
Press release
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Typed
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Author
Southern Conference Educational Fund
Document ID
630917-003
Document Date
9/17/1963
Type of Writing
Typed
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Document Type
Document
Status
Cal. 8
Place Written
New Orleans, La.
Genre
Press release
Document Length
3 pp.
Dates
8/1963
Names
Kunstler, William M. (William Moses)
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Smith, Carl
King, Slater
Organizations
United States. Dept. of Justice
Places
Albany, Ga.
Washington, D.C.
Topics
Albany Movement
Governmental investigations
Boycotts
Code for Location of Original
SKP-WHi
Location of Original
Slater King Papers, State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis.
Location of Original - Detail
Box 1
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
7/15/2003 12:00:00 AM
Date Updated
12/6/2010 3:54:41 PM
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Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
New York, N.Y.
Document Date
9/29/1963
Genre
Published article
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Author Affiliation
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Document ID
630929-001
Document Date
9/29/1963
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Document Type
Document
Status
In Vol. 8
Place Written
New York, N.Y.
Genre
Published article
Document Length
2 pp.
Published In
New York Times Magazine, 29 September 1963, pp. 91-92.
Names
Hugo, Victor
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald) [United States. White House]
Rabinowitz, Joni
King, Slater
Jackson, Elza
Thomas, Robert
Wells, Samuel B.
Chatmon, Thomas
Anderson, William G.
Colbert, Robert
Woodall, Luther
Organizations
United States. Dept. of Justice
United States. Fair Employment Practices Committee
United States. White House
Places
Albany, Ga.
Birmingham, Ala.
Washington, D.C.
Topics
Police - Complaints against
Discrimination in Employment
March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, 1963
Civil Rights Act, 1964
Albany Movement
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Publications
Ghettos
Afro-Americans - Economic conditions
Discrimination in housing
Afro-American families
Voter registration
Code for Location of Original
MLKJP-GAMK
Location of Original
Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers (Series I-IV), Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Copy Location (1)
SDLC-INP, Stanley D. Levison Collection, In Private Hands
Copy Location (2)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
2/28/1996 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
1/12/2010
1/12/2010 jmkunz
3/3/2017 tenisha
Date Updated
3/6/2017 11:27:29 AM
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Draft, In a Word--Now

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630929-002
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
[Atlanta, Ga.]
Document Date
[9/29/1963]
Genre
Article
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Typed
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Document ID
630929-002
Document Date
[9/29/1963]
Type of Writing
Typed
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Document Type
Document
Type of Version
Draft
Status
Cal. 8
Place Written
[Atlanta, Ga.]
Genre
Article
Document Length
2 pp.
Dates
8/28/1963
Names
Hugo, Victor
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald) [United States. White House]
Organizations
United States. Dept. of Justice
United States. Fair Employment Practices Committee
United States. White House
Places
Albany, Ga.
Washington, D.C.
Birmingham, Ala.
Topics
Police - Complaints against
Discrimination in Employment
March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, 1963
Civil Rights Act, 1964
Albany Movement
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Publications
Ghettos
Afro-Americans - Economic conditions
Discrimination in housing
Afro-American families
Voter registration
Code for Location of Original
MCMLK-RWWL
Location of Original
Morehouse College Martin Luther King, Jr. Collection, Atlanta University Center, Robert W. Woodruff Library Archives and Special Collections, Atlanta, Ga.
Location of Original - Detail
2.4.0.230
Copy Location (1)
SCLCR-GAMK, Southern Christian Leadership Conference Records, 1954-1970, Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Filing Info
Box 27, folder 12
Copy Location (2)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
11/22/1999 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
11/23/1999
Date Updated
8/9/2016 2:59:17 PM
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Draft, Statement in Gandhi Society for Human Rights, Inc. Carnegie Hall Fundraiser Program

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document631005-018
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
[New York, N.Y.]
Document Date
10/5/1963
Genre
Speech
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Typed
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Document ID
631005-018
Document Date
10/5/1963
Type of Writing
Typed
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Document Type
Document
Type of Version
Draft
Status
v. cut
Cal. 8
Place Written
[New York, N.Y.]
Genre
Speech
Document Length
6 pp.
Dates
1962
Names
Thoreau, Henry David
Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano) [United States. White House]
Gandhi, Mahatma
Wansley, Thomas C.
Greene, Dewey
Sinatra, Frank
Belafonte, Harry
Horne, Lena
Organizations
United States. White House
University of Mississippi (Oxford, Miss.)
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
Howard University (Washington, D.C.)
Swathmore College (Swarthmore, Pa.)
United States. Congress. House of Representatives
United States. Congress. Senate
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (U.S.)
Carnegie Hall
Gandhi Society for Human Rights, Inc.
Places
Lynchburg, Va.
Danville, Va.
Clarksdale, Miss.
Jackson, Miss.
Birmingham, Ala.
Edenton, N.C.
Albany, Ga.
New York, N.Y.
Topics
School integration
Afro-Americans - Civil rights
Birmingham, 1963
Nonviolence
Albany Movement
Voter registration
Freedom rides
Martin Luther King, Jr.- Membership in organizations
Segregation--law and legislation
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Public Speaking
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Travels - Fundraising
Sit-ins
Lunch counter sit-in, 1960
Code for Location of Original
SMiC-NNU-T
Location of Original
Saul Mills Collection, Tamiment Library, New York University, New York, N.Y.
Location of Original - Detail
Box 6, folder 6
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
5/3/2007 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
1/8/2010
1/8/2010 szwald
Date Updated
6/29/2016 5:34:40 PM
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Program, Second Anniversary of the Albany Movement at Third Kiokee Baptist Church

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document631111-000
Author
Albany Movement (Albany, Ga.)
Place Written
Albany, Ga.
Document Date
11/11/1963
Genre
Ephemera
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Typed
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Author
Albany Movement (Albany, Ga.)
Document ID
631111-000
Document Date
11/11/1963
Type of Writing
Typed
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Document Type
Document
Status
Cal. 8
Place Written
Albany, Ga.
Genre
Ephemera
Document Length
4 pp.
Dates
11/2/1963
8/9/1963
9/9/1963
11/12/1963
Names
King, Martin Luther, Jr. [Southern Christian Leadership Conference]
Anderson, William G. [Albany Movement (Albany, Ga.)]
King, Slater [Albany Movement (Albany, Ga.)]
Searles, A. C. [Southwest Georgian]
King, C. B. (Chevene Bowers)
Jackson, Thomas
Williams, Hosea
Christian, JoAnn
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald) [United States. White House]
McDaniel, Thomas
Harris, Donald
Perdew, John
Allen, Ralph
Aelony, Zev
Durham, Sallie Mae
Robertson, Carole Rosamond
Wesley, Cynthia Dianne
McNair, Carol Denise
Collins, Addie Mae
Sims, Clara
Smith, R. B. [Third Kiokee Baptist Church (Albany, Ga.)]
McKendricks, Silas
Wells, Samuel B. [Albany Movement (Albany, Ga.)]
Chatmon, Thomas C. [Albany Movement (Albany, Ga.)]
Barmun, John L. [Americus Movement (Americus, Ga.)]
Harris, Ruth
Weaver, S. M.
Organizations
Third Kiokee Baptist Church (Albany, Ga.)
Southwest Georgian
United States. White House
Albany (Ga.). Office of the Mayor
Sixteenth Street Baptist Church (Birmingham, Ala.)
Albany (Ga.). Public Library
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (U.S.)
Union Baptist Church (Albany, Ga.)
Americus Movement (Americus, Ga.)
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Places
Savannah, Ga.
Americus, Ga.
Macon, Ga.
Topics
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Public Speaking
March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, 1963
Albany Movement
Civil rights demonstrations
Segregation--law and legislation
Code for Location of Original
CCCSU-INP
Location of Original
Clayborne Carson collection, In Private Hands
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
2/11/2000 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
02/23/2000
Date Updated
7/28/2016 10:30:58 AM
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