Online King Records Access (OKRA)

''Pro and Con, Alabama's Bus Boycott: What It's All About''

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document560803-000
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Hall, Grover C.
Place Written
Washington, D.C.
Document Date
8/3/1956
Genre
Speech
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Hall, Grover C.
Author Affiliation
Montgomery Improvement Association
Document ID
560803-000
Document Date
8/3/1956
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Document Type
Document
Status
Cal 5
Place Written
Washington, D.C.
Genre
Speech
Document Length
4 pp.
Published In
U.S. News and World Report, 3 August 1956, pp. 82, 87-89.
Dates
12/1/1955
12/4/1955
12/5/1955
5/17/1954
6/27/1956
Names
Scott, Dred
Noah (Biblical figure)
Aristotle
Gandhi, Mahatma
Cowper, William
Parks, Rosa
Marshall, Thurgood
Nixon, Edgar Daniel
Davis, Jefferson
Sellers, Clyde
Folsom, James Elisha
Watson, Thomas E. (Thomas Edward)
Engelhardt, Sam
Hill, Lester
Myrdal, Gunnar
Bryant, William Cullen
Carlyle, Thomas
Lowell, James Russell
Warren, Earl
Williams, G. Mennen
Faulkner, William
White, Walter Francis
Hughes, Langston
Paul, the Apostle, Saint
Stowe, Harriet Beecher
Organizations
Montgomery Advertiser
Holt Street Baptist Church
Boston University
Dexter Avenue Baptist Church
New York Times
Ebenezer Baptist Church
White Citizens Council
University of Alabama
United States. Supreme Court
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
National City Lines
Places
Montgomery, Ala.
San Francisco, Calif.
Topics
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Publications - Reprints
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Publications
Afro-American families
Afro-Americans - Religion
Afro-Americans - Economic conditions
Afro-Americans - Civil rights
Communism
Gandhism
Imperialism
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Public Speaking
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Threats/attacks against
Martin Luther King, Jr.--membership in organizations
Nonviolence
Race relations
Segregation in transportation
United States - Constitutional law
Democratic Convention, 1956
Voter registration
Code for Location of Original
FORR-PSC-P
Location of Original
Fellowship of Reconciliation Records, 1943-1973 , Swarthmore College Peace Collection, Swarthmore, Pa.
Copy Location (1)
MLKP-MBU, Martin Luther King, Jr., Papers, 1954-1968, Howard Gotlieb Archival Research Center, Boston University, Boston, Mass.
Filing Info
Box 3, folder 62
Copy Location (2)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
8/15/1988 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
2/22/2010
2/22/2010 szwald
Date Updated
6/2/2015 9:18:52 AM
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Press release, Statements Adopted at Meeting

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document570808-009
Author
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Place Written
Montgomery, Ala.
Document Date
8/8/1957
Genre
Press release
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Typed
Author
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Document ID
570808-009
Document Date
8/8/1957
Type of Writing
Typed
Document Type
Document
Status
Cal. 4
Place Written
Montgomery, Ala.
Genre
Press release
Document Length
3 pp.
Names
Patterson, John Malcolm
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Gandhi, Mahatma
Organizations
Tuskegee Civic Association
Places
Tuskegee, Ala.
India
Topics
Civil Rights Act, 1957
Crusade for Citizenship
Voter registration
Southern Christian Leadership Conference--publicity
Southern Christian Leadership Conference--meetings
Code for Location of Original
MLKP-MBU
Location of Original
Martin Luther King, Jr., Papers, 1954-1968, Boston University, Boston, Mass.
Location of Original - Detail
Box 35, folder 40
Copy Location (1)
UPWR-WHi, United Packinghouse, Food and Allied Workers Records, State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis.
Copy Location (2)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
7/5/1995 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
07/21/1995
Date Updated
8/21/2015 11:35:29 AM
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Account of press conference in New Delhi on 2/10/1959

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document590000-133
Author
Reddick, Lawrence Dunbar
Document Date
[1959]
Genre
Book
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Typed
Autograph -- author's hand
Author
Reddick, Lawrence Dunbar
Author Dates
1910-1995
Document ID
590000-133
Document Date
[1959]
Type of Writing
Typed
Autograph -- author's hand
Document Type
Document
Status
In Vol. 5
Genre
Book
Document Length
6 pp.
Dates
2/10/1960
Names
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Gandhi, Mahatma
Nkrumah, Kwame
Nehru, Jawaharlal
King, Coretta Scott
Robeson, Paul
Organizations
Janapth Hotel
United States. Supreme Court
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
United States. Civil Rights Commission
Places
Atlanta, Ga.
Little Rock, Ark.
Ghana
Montgomery, Ala.
Bombay, India
South Africa
Topics
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Interviews
India trip
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Travels
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Gandhism
Afro-Americans--Relations with Africans
Nonviolence
School integration
Voter registration
Other Topics
New York Times
Baltimore Afro-American
Stride Toward Freedom
Crusader Withouth Violence
Code for Location of Original
LDRP-NN-Sc
Location of Original
Lawrence Dunbar Reddick Papers, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library, New York, N.Y.
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
5/1/2002 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
05/01/2002
Date Updated
6/16/2009 3:28:44 PM
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Letter to Martin Luther King, Jr.

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document591007-006
Author
Lawson, Marjorie McKenzie
Place Written
Washington, D.C.
Document Date
10/7/1959
Genre
Letter
Document Type
Letter
Type of Writing
Typed
Author
Lawson, Marjorie McKenzie
Author Affiliation
Lawson, McKenzie, and Grillo
Document ID
591007-006
Document Date
10/7/1959
Type of Writing
Typed
Document Type
Letter
Type of Signature
Signed (Handwritten signature of author)
Status
Cal. 5
Place Written
Washington, D.C.
Genre
Letter
Document Length
1 p.
Dates
11/3/1959-11/5/1959
11/11/1959
11/16/1959
11/18/1959
11/23/1959-11/25/1959
Names
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald)
Places
Montgomery, Ala.
Topics
Voter registration
Meetings
Code for Location of Original
MLKP-MBU
Location of Original
Martin Luther King, Jr., Papers, 1954-1968, Boston University, Boston, Mass.
Location of Original - Detail
Box 29A, folder 10
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
4/5/1993 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
04/06/1993
Date Updated
8/11/2009 3:57:55 PM
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Press release, Telegrams sent to national leaders on voting rights; Northern students registered for conference

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document600405-009
Author
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Place Written
Atlanta, Ga.
Document Date
4/5/1960
Genre
Press release
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Typed
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Author
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Document ID
600405-009
Document Date
4/5/1960
Type of Writing
Typed
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Document Type
Document
Status
Cal. 5
Place Written
Atlanta, Ga.
Genre
Press release
Document Length
3 pp.
Dates
3/30/1960
4/24/1960
4/15/1960 - 4/17/1960
Names
Simpkins, C. O.
Baker, Ella [Southern Christian Leadership Conference]
Lawson, James M.
Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous)
Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines) [United States. Congress. Senate]
Dirksen, Everett McKinley [United States. Congress. Senate]
Rogers, William P. (William Pierce) [United States. Dept. of Justice]
Humphrey, Hubert H. (Hubert Horatio) [United States. Congress. Senate]
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald) [United States. Congress. Senate]
Douglas, Paul H. (Paul Howard) [United States. Congress. Senate]
Hennings, Thomas Carey [United States. Congress. Senate]
Keating, Kenneth B. (Kenneth Barnard) [United States. Congress. Senate]
Javits, Jacob K. (Jacob Koppel) [United States. Congress. Senate]
Symington, Stuart [United States. Congress. Senate]
Hart, Philip A. (Philip Aloysius)[United States. Congress. Senate]
Morse, Wayne L. (Wayne Lyman) [United States. Congress. Senate]
Lowery, Joseph (Joseph E.)
Organizations
United States. Congress. Senate
United States. Dept. of Justice
Sardis Baptist Church (Birmingham, Ala.)
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (US)
Shaw University
United States National Student Association
Fellowship of Reconciliation (U.S.)
Alabama Council on Human Relations (ACHR)
United Christian Movement, Inc.
Places
Raleigh, N.C.
Shreveport, La.
Washington, D.C.
Birmingham, Ala.
Nashville, Tenn.
Mobile, Ala.
Topics
Voter registration
Emancipation Proclamation
Southern Christian Leadership Conference--relations with other organizations
Southern Christian Leadership Conference--relations with government officials
Southern Christian Leadership Conference--meetings
Lunch counter sit-in, 1960
Student movements
Code for Location of Original
EJBC-NN-Sc
Location of Original
Ella J. Baker Collection, New York Public Library, Schomburg Collection, New York, NY
Copy Location (1)
MLKJP-GAMK, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers (Series I-IV), Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Copy Location (2)
SCLCR-GAMK, Southern Christian Leadership Conference Records, 1954-1970, Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Copy Location (3)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Filing Info
Box 120, Folder 2
Date Created
7/21/1995 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
12/18/1995
Date Updated
7/31/2015 1:10:38 PM
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Letter to Chester Bowles

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document600624-000
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
Atlanta, Ga.
Document Date
6/24/1960
Genre
Letter
Document Type
Letter
Type of Writing
Typed
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Author Affiliation
Ebenezer Baptist Church (Atlanta, Ga.)
Document ID
600624-000
Document Date
6/24/1960
Type of Writing
Typed
Document Type
Letter
Type of Signature
Signed with representation of author (Handwritten signature by author's representative)
Status
In Vol. 5
Place Written
Atlanta, Ga.
Genre
Letter
Document Length
2 pp.
Names
Bowles, Chester [United States. Congress. House of Representatives]
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald) [United States. Congress. Senate]
Organizations
United States. President's Committee on Civil Rights
United States. Supreme Court
United States. Congress. Senate
United States. Congress. House of Representatives
Places
Essex, Conn.
Buffalo, N.Y.
Los Angeles, Calif.
Topics
Brown vs. Board of Education, Topeka, Kansas
Apartheid--South Africa
Democratic Convention, 1960
political participation
Voter registration
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Political and Social views
Sit-ins
Presidential candidates, 1960
Code for Location of Original
CB-CtY
Location of Original
Chester Bowles Collection, Yale University, New Haven, Conn.
Copy Location (1)
MLKP-MBU, Martin Luther King, Jr., Papers, 1954-1968, Howard Gotlieb Archival Research Center, Boston University, Boston, Mass.
Copy Location (2)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Filing Info
Box 20/21, folder 10
Date Created
2/17/1989 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
02/19/1990
Date Updated
10/8/2009 9:46:11 AM
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''The Meaning of the Sit-ins''

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document600801-007
Author
Congress of Racial Equality
Document Date
8/1/1960
Genre
Report
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Typed
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Author
Congress of Racial Equality
Document ID
600801-007
Document Date
8/1/1960
Type of Writing
Typed
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Document Type
Document
Status
Cal. 6
Genre
Report
Document Length
6 pp.
Dates
2/1/1960
6/8/1960
7/11/1960
Names
Gandhi, Mahatma
Lee, J. Oscar [National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America]
Baker, Ella [Southern Christian Leadership Conference]
Carey, Gordon [Congress of Racial Equality]
Walker, Wyatt Tee [Southern Christian Leadership Conference]
Fairfax, Jean [American Friends Service Committee]
Farmer, James [National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)]
Forbes, David [Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (U.S.)]
Oniki, S. Garry [National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America]
Smiley, Glenn E. [Fellowship of Reconciliation (U.S.)]
Organizations
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America
United States. Supreme Court
American Friends Service Committee
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (U.S.)
Fellowship of Reconciliation (U.S.)
Places
Greensboro, N.C.
Topics
Gandhism
Nonviolence
Student movements
School integration
Jail no bail
Lunch counter sit-in, 1960
Civil rights
Civil Disobedience
Voter registration
Direct action
Afro-Americans and mass media
Race relations
Code for Location of Original
CSKC-INP
Location of Original
Coretta Scott King Collection, In Private Hands
Location of Original - Detail
Sermon Files, folder 212
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
2/26/1998 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
06/02/1998
Date Updated
10/9/2009 10:53:59 AM
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Letter to Martin Luther King, Jr.

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document601013-002
Author
Levison, Stanley D.
Place Written
New York, N.Y.
Document Date
10/13/1960
Genre
Letter
Document Type
Letter
Type of Writing
Typed
Author
Levison, Stanley D.
Author Dates
1912-1979
Document ID
601013-002
Document Date
10/13/1960
Type of Writing
Typed
Document Type
Letter
Type of Signature
Signed (Handwritten signature of author)
Status
In Vol. 5
Place Written
New York, N.Y.
Genre
Letter
Document Length
2 pp.
Document Note
Contains enclosure 601013-000.
Dates
1/27/1961
Names
King, Martin Luther, Jr. [Ebenezer Baptist Church (Atlanta, Ga.)]
Angelou, Maya
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald)
Davis, Sammy, Jr.
Sinatra, Frank
Jones, Clarence B.
Organizations
Ebenezer Baptist Church (Atlanta, Ga.)
Topics
Martin Luther King, Jr. -- Political and Social views
Voter registration
Southern Christian Leadership Conference--relations with other organizations
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Friends and Associates
Civil rights demonstrations
Southern Christian Leadership Conference--fund raising
Code for Location of Original
MLKP-MBU
Location of Original
Martin Luther King, Jr., Papers, 1954-1968, Boston University, Boston, Mass.
Location of Original - Detail
Box 2, folder 10
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
7/18/1989 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
03/15/1990
Date Updated
1/20/2014 4:08:59 PM
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Telegram to John F. (John Fitzgerald) Kennedy and Richard M. (Richard Milhous) Nixon

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document601027-004
Author
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Southern Conference Educational Fund, Inc.
Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)
Inter Civic Council of Tallahassee (ICC)
Montgomery Improvement Association
Alabama Civic Affairs Association
Citizens Committee of Mobile Ala.
Coahoma County Negro Citizens Association
Coahoma Progressive Voters League
Collegeville Civic League
Hopewell Improvement Association
Improvement Association
Florida Voters League
Georgia Voters League
Mississippi Regional Council of Negro Leadership
Nashville Christian Leadership Council
Non-Partisan Voters League
Petersburg Improvement Association
United Christian Movement
Travis County Voters League
North Birmingham Federation of Women's Club
Place Written
Montgomery, Ala.
Document Date
10/27/1960
Genre
Letter
Document Type
Wire or Telegram
Type of Writing
Typed
Author
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Southern Conference Educational Fund, Inc.
Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)
Inter Civic Council of Tallahassee (ICC)
Montgomery Improvement Association
Alabama Civic Affairs Association
Citizens Committee of Mobile Ala.
Coahoma County Negro Citizens Association
Coahoma Progressive Voters League
Collegeville Civic League
Hopewell Improvement Association
Improvement Association
Florida Voters League
Georgia Voters League
Mississippi Regional Council of Negro Leadership
Nashville Christian Leadership Council
Non-Partisan Voters League
Petersburg Improvement Association
United Christian Movement
Travis County Voters League
North Birmingham Federation of Women's Club
Document ID
601027-004
Document Date
10/27/1960
Type of Writing
Typed
Document Type
Wire or Telegram
Type of Version
Copy
Status
Cal. 5
Place Written
Montgomery, Ala.
Genre
Letter
Document Length
4 pp.
Names
Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous)
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald)
King, Martin Luther, Jr. [Southern Christian Leadership Conference]
Walker, Wyatt Tee [Southern Christian Leadership Conference]
Williams, Aubrey Willis [Southern Conference Educational Fund, Inc.]
Shuttlesworth, Fred L. [Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)]
Lowery, Joseph (Joseph E.) [Alabama Civic Affairs Association]
LeFlore, John L. [Citizens Committee of Mobile Ala.]
Melchor, John C. [Coahoma County Negro Citizens Association]
Drew, R.L. [Coahoma Progressive Voters League]
Noble, W.D. [Collegeville Civic League]
Harris, Curtis W. [Hopewell Improvement Association]
Nickens, Royal J. [Hopewell Improvement Association]
Wood, Virgil [Improvement Association]
Abernathy, Ralph [Montgomery Improvement Association]
Steele, C. Kenzie [Inter Civic Council of Tallahassee (ICC)]
Davis, Edward D. [Florida Voters League]
Dobbs, John Wesley [Georgia Voters League]
Henry, Aaron [Mississippi Regional Council of Negro Leadership]
Smith, Kelly Miller [Nashville Christian Leadership Council]
Chrisbon, A.S. [Non-Partisan Voters League]
Williams, R.G. [Petersburg Improvement Association]
Simpkins, C.O [United Christian Movement]
Dewitty, Arthur [Travis County Voters League]
Menefee, Lula [North Birmingham Federation of Women's Club]
Places
Atlanta, Ga.
Topics
Presidential candidates, 1960
School integration
Segregation in transportation
Discrimination in housing
Discrimination in Employment
Voter registration
Afro-Americans--Intimidation of
Sit-ins
Presidential Elections
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Arrests
Civil Rights Act, 1957
Code for Location of Original
CAABP-WHi
Location of Original
Carl and Anne Braden Papers, State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis.
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
5/24/1993 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
05/25/1993
Date Updated
10/28/2009 10:23:46 AM
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''The Negro and the American Dream,'' Address delivered at Memorial Auditorium

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document601230-008
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
[Chattanooga, Tenn.]
Document Date
[12/30/1960]
Genre
Speech
Document Type
Audio Tape
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Document ID
601230-008
Document Date
[12/30/1960]
Document Type
Audio Tape
Status
Cal. 5
Cal. 7
Place Written
[Chattanooga, Tenn.]
Genre
Speech
Document Length
34 min.
Document Note
1 sound cassette: analog
Dates
1896
1957
Names
Myrdal, Gunnar
King, Coretta Scott
Washington, Booker T.
Hayes, Roland
Anderson, Marian
Sibelius, Jean
Toscanini, Arturo
Carver, George Washington
Bethune, Mary McLeod
Owens, Jesse
Louis, Joe
Bunche, Ralph J. (Ralph Johnson)
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald)
Khrushchev, Nikita Sergeevich
MacMillan, Harold
Maria Cristina, Queen, consort of Alfonso XII, King of Spain
George V, King of Great Britain
Organizations
Democratic Party
Republican Party
United States. Supreme Court
United States. Congress
Places
Montgomery, Ala.
Nigeria
Ghana
Gordon County, Ga.
Virginia
Philadelphia, Pa.
Finland
Atlanta, Ga.
Fayette County, Tenn.
Haywood County, Tenn.
Topics
Brown vs. Board of Education, Topeka, Kansas
Discrimination
Discrimination in public accomodations
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Second Emancipation Proclamation
Voter registration
Other Topics
Emancipation Proclamation
Declaration of Independence
Plessy Doctrine
Constitution of the United States
Charity
Oh Freedom
Code for Location of Original
BTC-INP
Location of Original
Barry Tulloss Collection, In Private Hands
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
6/9/2004 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
9/10/2010
5/28/2013 dbeals
Date Updated
6/2/2015 9:19:18 AM
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