Skip header and navigation

Refine By

26 records – page 1 of 3.

''A New Heaven and a New Earth,'' Address on 10/29/67

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document680100-001
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
New York, N.Y.
Document Date
1/1968
Genre
Published speech
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Author Affiliation
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Document ID
680100-001
Document Date
1/1968
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Document Type
Document
Status
Undecided
Place Written
New York, N.Y.
Genre
Published speech
Document Length
6 pp.
Published In
Council Journal 6 (January 1968): 2-7.
Dates
10/29/1967
Names
Irving, Washington
King, Coretta Scott
Donne, John
Thoreau, Henry David
Hugo, Victor
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald)
Dante Alighieri
John, the Apostle, Saint
Amos (Biblical prophet)
Lincoln, Abraham
Jefferson, Thomas
Jesus Christ
Bryant, William Cullen
Carlyle, Thomas
Lowell, James Russell
Organizations
Grinnell College
United Nations
Places
Atlanta, Ga.
Bombay, India
Calcutta, India
Hanoi, Vietnam
Topics
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Public Speaking
Poverty
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Arrests
India trip
Segregation--law and legislation
Afro-Americans - Economic conditions
Nuclear Disarmament
Vietnamese Conflict, 1961-1975
Nonviolence
Riots
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Publications - Reprints
Other Topics
Remaining Awake Through a Great Revolution
Rip Van Winkle
Revelation 21:1-5
1 John 4:8
1 John 4:16
Amos 5:24
Matthew 26:52
Isaiah 40:4-5
We Shall Overcome
Code for Location of Original
BEMP-DHU-MS
Location of Original
Benjamin E. Mays Papers, Howard University, Washington, D.C.
Copy Location (1)
MLKJP-GAMK, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers (Series I-IV), Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Copy Location (2)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
1/16/1996 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
01/17/1996
Date Updated
5/26/2015 11:24:28 AM
Less detail

''Creative Dissatisfaction,'' Address delivered at the tenth biennial convention of Retail, Wholesale and Department Store Union. District 65

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document620908-005
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
[Monticello, N.Y.]
Document Date
[9/8/1962]
Genre
Speech
Document Type
Audio Tape
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Document ID
620908-005
Document Date
[9/8/1962]
Document Type
Audio Tape
Status
v. cut
Cal. 8
Place Written
[Monticello, N.Y.]
Genre
Speech
Document Length
31.3 min
Document Note
1 sound cassette: analog
Dates
12/11/1961
1963
Names
Johnson, Samuel
Livingston, David [Retail, Wholesale, and Department Store Union. District 65 (New York, N.Y.)]
McDonald, Dora E.
Mather, Kirtley F. [Harvard University (Cambridge, Mass.)]
King, Coretta Scott
King, Yolanda
King, Martin Luther, III
King, Dexter
Abernathy, Ralph
Donne, John
Till, Emmett
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald)
Lincoln, Abraham
Organizations
Retail, Wholesale, and Department Store Union. District 65 (New York, N.Y.)
Madison Square Garden (New York, N.Y.)
American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO)
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
United Nations
Harvard University (Cambridge, Mass.)
Shady Grove Baptist Church (Leesburg, Ga.)
Places
New York, N.Y.
Albany, Ga.
Africa
South America
Bombay, India
Calcutta, India
Money, Miss.
Leesburg, Ga.
Alabama
Topics
Economic development
India trip
Poverty
Albany Movement
Communism
Disarmament
Discrimination in Employment
Discrimination in housing
Discrimination in public accomodations
Emancipation Proclamation
Second Emancipation Proclamation
Jews
Nonviolence
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Public Speaking
Churches-vandalism
Sit-ins
Arrest
Other Topics
Enough and to Spare
Job 38:7
Code for Location of Original
UAWC-NNU-T
Location of Original
United Auto Workers District 65 Collection, Tamiment Library, New York University, New York, N.Y.
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
2/13/2003 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
2/14/2003 17:8:8
ebrummel
Date Updated
3/27/2017 2:49:20 PM
Less detail

Draft, ''My trip to India''

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document590400-017
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
[Montgomery, Ala.]
Document Date
[4/1959]
Genre
Essay
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Typed
Autograph -- author's hand
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Document ID
590400-017
Document Date
[4/1959]
Type of Writing
Typed
Autograph -- author's hand
Document Type
Document
Type of Version
Draft
Status
Cal. 5
Place Written
[Montgomery, Ala.]
Genre
Essay
Document Length
11 pp.
Dates
2/3/1959
2/10/1959-3/10/1959
12/21/1956
Names
Gandhi, Mahatma
Nehru, Jawaharlal
Bowles, Chester
Reddick, Lawrence Dunbar
King, Coretta Scott
Curry, Izola
Wright, Richard
Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David)
Bhave, Vinoba
Narayan, Jayaprakash
Organizations
The Christopher Reynolds Foundation, Inc.
American Friends Service Committee
Fellowship of Reconciliation (U.S.)
American Baptist Convention
Gandhi Smarak Nidhi
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Montgomery Improvement Association
United States. Supreme Court
Central High School
Places
New York, N.Y.
Ghana, Africa
London, England
Paris, France
Bombay, India
New Dehli, India
Calcutta, India
Madras, India
Little Rock, Ark.
Topics
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Gandhism
Economic development
Little Rock School Crisis, 1957
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Family - Coretta Scott King
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Political and Social views
Poverty
India trip
Other Topics
Stride Toward Freedom
Crusader Without Violence
Code for Location of Original
MLKP-MBU
Location of Original
Martin Luther King, Jr., Papers, 1954-1968, Howard Gotlieb Archival Research Center, Boston University, Boston, Mass.
Location of Original - Detail
Box 1, folder 5; Box 24, folder 29
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
9/9/2002 12:00:00 AM
Date Updated
6/25/2009 11:20:02 AM
Less detail

''Facing the Challenge of a New Age,'' Address at the University of the West Indies Valedictory service

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document650620-000
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
Mona, Jamaica
Document Date
6/20/1965
Genre
Published speech
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Document ID
650620-000
Document Date
6/20/1965
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Document Type
Document
Status
Not in
Place Written
Mona, Jamaica
Genre
Published speech
Document Length
12 pp.
Names
Lee, Bernard Scott
King, Coretta Scott
John, the Apostle, Saint
Lowell, James Russell
Carlyle, Thomas
Bryant, William Cullen
Macmillan, Harold
McDivitt, James Alton
White, Edward Higgins
Malloch, Douglas
Emerson, Ralph Waldo
Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth
Donne, John
Gandhi, Mahatma
Poe, Edgar Allan
Shakespeare, William
Amos (Biblical prophet)
Isaiah (Biblical prophet)
Organizations
University of the West Indies
United Nations
Places
Ghana
Bombay, India
Calcutta, India
Topics
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Public Speaking
Facing the Challenge of a New Age
Africa trip, 1957
Agape
Poverty
India trip
Vietnamese Conflict, 1961-1975
Slavery
Nuclear Disarmament
Civil Rights Act, 1964
Brown vs. Board of Education, Topeka, Kansas
Other Topics
Revelation 21:1-2, 4-5
Annabel Lee
Sonnet 116
Matthew 5:44
We Shall Overcome
Amos 5:24
Isaiah 40:4
Code for Location of Original
MLKP-MBU
Location of Original
Martin Luther King, Jr., Papers, 1954-1968, Boston University, Boston, Mass.
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Copy Location (2)
MLKJP-GAMK, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers (Series I-IV), Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Filing Info
Box 116
Date Created
8/15/1988 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
03/30/1990
Date Updated
4/15/2010 1:15:12 PM
Less detail

Facing the Challenge of a New Age, Address delivered to the Citizens' Civic Planning Committee

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document631018-000
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
South Bend, Ind.
Document Date
[10/18/1963]
Genre
Speech
Document Type
Audio Tape
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Author Affiliation
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Document ID
631018-000
Document Date
[10/18/1963]
Document Type
Audio Tape
Status
Cal. 8
Place Written
South Bend, Ind.
Genre
Speech
Document Length
49.2 min.
Document Note
1 sound cassette: analog
Dates
1619
1620
1857
1863
1896
5/17/1954
5/11/1963
8/28/1963
Names
Wilson, Martha
Ganaway, Alphia
Scott, Dred
Hope, Bob
King, Coretta Scott
Donne, John
Benedict, Ruth
Mead, Margaret
Herskovits, Melville J. (Melville Jean)
Noah (Biblical figure)
Aristotle
Washington, Booker T.
Hayes, Roland
Sibelius, Jean
Carver, George Washington
Anderson, Marian
Toscanini, Arturo
Bunche, Ralph J. (Ralph Johnson)
Bethune, Mary McLeod
Aquinas, Thomas, Saint
Buber, Martin
Lenin, Vladimir Ilyich
Thurmond, Strom
Eastland, James O. (James Oliver)
Plato
Poe, Edgar Allan
Shakespeare, William
Meredith, James
Robertson, Carole Rosamond
Wesley, Cynthia Dianne
Collins, Addie Mae
McNair, Carol Denise
Walker, Wyatt Tee
Amos (Biblical prophet)
Lincoln, Abraham
Jefferson, Thomas
Jesus Christ
Carlyle, Thomas
Bryant, William Cullen
Lowell, James Russell
King, Alfred Daniel
Organizations
Citizens Civic Planning Committee (South Bend, Ind.)
United States. Supreme Court
White Citizens Council
Sixteenth Street Baptist Church (Birmingham, Ala.)
United States. Congress. House of Representatives
United States. Congress. Senate
Fair Employment Practices Committee
First Baptist Church (Montgomery, Ala.)
A. G. Gaston Motel (Birmingham, Ala.)
Places
Asia
Africa
Plymouth, Mass.
Los Angeles, Calif.
New York, N.Y.
Seatle, Wash.
Tokyo, Japan
Calcutta, India
Bombay, India
Mississippi
Gordon County, Ga.
Philadelphia, Pa.
Finland
South Carolina
Louisiana
Chicago, Ill.
Birmingham, Ala.
Montgomery, Ala.
Anniston, Ala.
Atlanta, Ga.
Washington, D.C.
Topics
World Politics
Nonviolence
Freedom rides
Race relations
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Public Speaking
Imperialism
Plessy vs Ferguson, 1896
Brown vs. Board of Education, Topeka, Kansas
India trip
Agape
Discrimination in housing
Civil Rights Act, 1964
Southern Christian Leadership Conference--fund raising
Emancipation Proclamation
March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, 1963
Nuclear Disarmament
I Have a Dream
Other Topics
Annabelle Lee
Sonnet 116
Amos 5:24
Matthew 5:44
Code for Location of Original
DHSTR-WHi
Location of Original
Donald H. Smith Tape Recordings, State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis.
Location of Original - Detail
Tape 7, side 2.
Copy Location (1)
MLKJP-GAMK, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers (Series I-IV), Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Copy Location (2)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Filing Info
T-41
Date Created
2/6/1990 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
04/01/1990
Date Updated
7/5/2016 3:29:30 PM
Less detail

Form letter to G. Ramachandran

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document611024-005
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
[Atlanta, Ga.]
Document Date
10/24/1961
Genre
Letter
Document Type
Letter
Type of Writing
Typed
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Document ID
611024-005
Document Date
10/24/1961
Type of Writing
Typed
Document Type
Letter
Type of Version
Copy
Status
Cal. 7
Place Written
[Atlanta, Ga.]
Genre
Letter
Document Length
1 p.
Dates
11/1961
11/18/1961
11/15/1961
11/25/1961
Names
Ramachandran, G.
Desai, Morarji
Shah, Shantilal H.
Bose, Nirmal Kumar
Kripalani, Acharya
Kripalani, Acharya (Mrs.)
Murthy, B.S.
Kaur, Rajkumari Amrit
Vishwananda, Swami
Dawkins, Maurice A.
Gandhi, Mahatma
Organizations
World Council of Churches
Places
New Delhi, India
Bombay, India
Calcutta, India
Simia, India
Los Angeles, Calif.
Topics
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Friends and Associates
Code for Location of Original
MLKP-MBU
Location of Original
Martin Luther King, Jr., Papers, 1954-1968, Boston University, Boston, Mass.
Location of Original - Detail
Box 54, folder 16
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
1/28/1999 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
01/29/1999
Date Updated
9/15/2010 4:49:07 PM
Less detail

Letter to Corinne B. Johnson

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document590320-000
Author
Bristol, James E.
Place Written
Delhi, India
Document Date
3/20/1959
Genre
Letter
Document Type
Letter
Type of Writing
Typed
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Author
Bristol, James E.
Author Dates
1912-1992
Author Affiliation
Quaker Centre
Document ID
590320-000
Document Date
3/20/1959
Type of Writing
Typed
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Document Type
Letter
Type of Signature
Signed (Handwritten signature of author)
Status
Cal. 5
Place Written
Delhi, India
Genre
Letter
Document Length
6 pp.
Dates
2/10/1959-2/28/1959
3/11/1959
3/31/1959
2/10/1959 - 2/17/1959
Names
Johnson, Corinne B.
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
King, Coretta Scott
Reddick, Lawrence Dunbar
Amrit Kaur, Rajkumari
Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous)
Nehru, Jawaharlal
Ramachandran, G.
Kripalani, J. B. (Jiwatram Bhagawandas)
Kripalani, Sucheta
Desai, Morarji
Dhebar, U.N. [All India Congress Committee]
Kalelkar, Dattatraya Balakrishna
Polk, Benjamin
Bose, Nirmal Kumar
Barton, Bill
Vishwananda, Swami
Harriman, W. Averell (William Averell)
Mehta, G. L. (Gaganvihari Lallubhai)
Bhave, Vinoba
Narayan, Jayaprakash
Organizations
American Friends Service Committee
Gandhi Smarak Nidhi
All India Congress Committee
Dehli University
Places
Philadelphia, Pa.
Calcutta, India
Madras, India
Bangalore, India
Bombay, India
Topics
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Itineraries
India trip
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Travels
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Public Speaking
Other Topics
Voice of India
Code for Location of Original
AFSCR-PPAFS
Location of Original
American Friends Service Committee Records, American Friends Service Committee Archives, Philadelphia, Pa.
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
3/19/1992 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
03/24/1992
Date Updated
6/23/2009 3:28:42 PM
Less detail

''Moving to Another Mountain,'' Address delivered at Wesleyan University Commencement

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document640607-010
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
Middletown, Conn.
Document Date
[6/7/1964]
Genre
Audio Sermon
Document Type
Audio Tape
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Document ID
640607-010
Document Date
[6/7/1964]
Document Type
Audio Tape
Status
Undecided
Place Written
Middletown, Conn.
Genre
Audio Sermon
Document Length
49.2 min.
Document Note
1 sound cassette: analog
Names
Lincoln, Abraham
Jefferson, Thomas
Evers, Medgar Wiley
Butterfield, Victor Lloyd [Wesleyan University (Middletown, Conn.)]
Maguire, John [Wesleyan University (Middletown, Conn.)]
Moses (Biblical leader)
Harrington, Michael
Donne, John
Aquinas, Thomas, Saint
Buber, Martin
Tillich, Paul
Wallace, George C. (George Corley)
Amos (Biblical prophet)
Peter, the Apostle, Saint
Jeremiah (Biblical prophet)
Organizations
Wesleyan University (Middletown, Conn.)
United Nations
Places
Bombay, India
Calcutta, India
Topics
Bible, O.T.
Emancipation Proclamation
Natural law
Sin
Plessy vs Ferguson, 1896
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Honors
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Public Speaking
Ethics
Parables
Nonviolence
Poverty
Slavery
Segregation--law and legislation
Psychology
Nuclear Disarmament
Faith
Other Topics
Deuteronomy 1:7
Luke 12:13-21
Matthew 16:26
The Other America
For Whom the Bell Tolls
Emancipation Proclamation
Amos 5:24
Declaration of Independance
Matthew 5:44
Matthew 26:52
Jeremiah 8:22
There is A Balm in Gilead
Hebrews 11:10
Code for Location of Original
WUSCA-CtW
Location of Original
Wesleyan University Special Collections and Archives, Wesleyan University, Middletown, Conn.
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
7/24/2000 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
08/28/2000
Date Updated
10/17/2016 11:19:03 AM
Less detail

''Notes From the Tour Diary of James Bristol''

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document590310-006
Author
Bristol, James E.
Place Written
New Delhi, India
Document Date
[2/10/1959-3/10/1959]
Genre
Letter
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Typed
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Author
Bristol, James E.
Author Dates
1912-1992
Author Affiliation
Quaker Centre
Document ID
590310-006
Document Date
[2/10/1959-3/10/1959]
Type of Writing
Typed
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Document Type
Document
Status
Cal. 5
Place Written
New Delhi, India
Genre
Letter
Document Length
8 pp.
Dates
2/10/1959 - 3/10/1959
Names
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
King, Coretta Scott
Gandhi, Mahatma
Vishwananda, Swami
Ramachandran, G.
Kripalani, Sucheta
Kaur, Rajkumari Amrit
Radhakrishnan, S. (Sarvepalli)
Nehru, Jawaharlal
Kripalani, J. B. (Jiwatram Bhagawandas)
Desai, Morarji
Dhebar, U.N.
Nayyar, Sushila
Kalelkar, Dattatraya Balakrishna
Prasad, Rajendra
Dulles, John Foster
Narayan, Jayaprakash
Bhave, Vinoba
Bose, Nirmal Kumar
Reddick, Lawrence Dunbar
Shah, Shantilal H.
Nayyar, Pyarelal
Diwakar, Ranganath Ramachandra
Organizations
Gandhi Smarak Nidhi
American Friends Service Committee
All India Radio
Places
Patna, India
Gaya, India
Shantiniketan, India
New York, N.Y.
Calcutta, India
Madras, India
Gandhigram, India
Madurai, India
Trivandrum, India
Bangalore, India
Bombay, India
Ahmedabad, India
Agra, India
Topics
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Public Speaking
India trip
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Itineraries
Disarmament
Imperialism
Nonviolence
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Travels
Other Topics
Voice of India
Bhoodan
Code for Location of Original
AFSCR-PPAFS
Location of Original
American Friends Service Committee Records, American Friends Service Committee Archives, Philadelphia, Pa.
Copy Location (1)
MLKJP-GAMK, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers (Series I-IV), Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Copy Location (2)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
4/23/1996 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
05/14/1996
Date Updated
8/26/2009 1:42:00 PM
Less detail

''Remaining Awake Through a Great Revolution,'' Address delivered at Kentucky Conference on Human Rights

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document651216-001
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Document Date
12/16/1965
Genre
Speech
Document Type
Audio Tape
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Document ID
651216-001
Document Date
12/16/1965
Document Type
Audio Tape
Status
undecided
Genre
Speech
Document Length
79.5 min.
Dates
8/28/1963
Names
Buber, Martin
Aquinas, Thomas, Saint
Tillich, Paul
Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines)
Harrington, Michael
Jesus Christ
Abraham (Biblical patriarch)
Lazarus
Dives
Barnett, Ross R.
Emerson, Ralph Waldo
Parks, Rosa
Jefferson, Thomas
Jackson, Jimmie Lee
Reeb, James
Lincoln, Abraham
Organizations
Kentucky Christian Leadership Conference
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
Places
Bombay, India
Calcutta, India
Washington, D.C.
Birmingham, Ala.
Kentucky
Atlanta, Ga.
Montgomery, Ala.
Mississippi
Egypt
Surry County, Ala.
Selma, Ala.
Topics
Afro-American families
Civil Rights Act, 1964
March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, 1963
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Nonviolence
Poverty
Segregation--law and legislation
Bombings
School integration
Voting Rights Act, 1965
Afro-American Education
Vietnamese Conflict, 1961-1975
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Public Speaking
Other Topics
The Other America
Luke 16
Declaration of Independance
Isaiah 2:4
Micah 6:8
Amos 5:24
Code for Location of Original
BTC-INP
Location of Original
Barry Tulloss Collection, In Private Hands
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
10/14/2004 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
10/27/2004 17:1:39
ebrummel
Date Updated
6/2/2015 9:19:19 AM
Less detail

26 records – page 1 of 3.