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''Letter from Birmingham Jail''

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630612-005
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
Chicago, Ill.
Document Date
6/12/1963
Genre
Article
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Autograph -- author's hand
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Author Affiliation
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Document ID
630612-005
Document Date
6/12/1963
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Autograph -- author's hand
Document Type
Document
Status
Cal. 8
Place Written
Chicago, Ill.
Genre
Article
Document Length
8 pp.
Dates
9/1962
4/14/1963
3/1963
5/17/1954
4/12/1963
Names
Stallings, Earl
Shuttlesworth, Fred L. [Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)]
Connor, Eugene
Socrates
Boutwell, Albert Burton
Niebuhr, Reinhold
King, Yolanda
King, Martin Luther, III
Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo
Aquinas, Thomas, Saint
Buber, Martin
Tillich, Paul
Shadrach (Biblical figure)
Meshach (Biblical figure)
Abednego (Biblical figure)
Nebuchadnezzar II, King of Babylonia
Hitler, Adolf
Jesus Christ
Elijah Muhammad
Amos (Biblical prophet)
Paul, the Apostle, Saint
Luther, Martin
Bunyan, John
Lincoln, Abraham
Jefferson, Thomas
McGill, Ralph
Smith, Lillian Eugenia
Golden, Harry
Dabbs, James McBride
Braden, Anne
Boyle, Sarah-Patton
Barnett, Ross R. [Mississippi. Office of the Governor]
Wallace, George C. (George Corley) [Alabama. Office of the Governor]
Pritchett, Laurie [Albany (Ga.). Police Dept.]
Meredith, James
Eliot, T. S. (Thomas Stearns)
Organizations
Birmingham City Jail (Birmingham, Ala.)
Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)
Birmingham (Ala.). Office of the Mayor
Funtown (Atlanta, Ga.)
United States. Supreme Court
Ku Klux Klan
White Citizens Council
Spring Hill College (Mobile, Ala.)
Alabama. Office of the Governor
Mississippi. Office of the Governor
Birmingham (Ala.). Police Dept.
Albany (Ga.). Police Dept.
Places
Birmingham, Ala.
Atlanta, Ga.
Tarsus, Turkey
Macedonia
Montgomery, Ala.
Asia
Africa
New Orleans, La.
Texas
Germany
Hungary
South America
Caribbean
Mississippi
Albany, Ga.
Plymouth, Mass.
Topics
Letter from a Birmingham Jail
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Arrests
Birmingham, 1963
Direct action
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Critics
Civil Disobedience
Church and Race Relations
Afro-Americans--Intimidation of
Brown vs. Board of Education, Topeka, Kansas
Natural law
Southern Christian Leadership Conference--relations with other organizations
Discrimination in public accommodations
World Politics
Sit-ins
Freedom rides
Nonviolence
Other Topics
Matthew 5:44
Amos 5:24
Galatians 6:17
Code for Location of Original
CSKC-INP
Location of Original
Coretta Scott King Collection, In Private Hands
Location of Original - Detail
MS 22, #693
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
2/24/1999 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
03/15/1999
Date Updated
10/26/2016 1:50:06 PM
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''Letter From Birmingham City Jail''

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630624-000
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
New York, N.Y.
Document Date
6/24/1963
Genre
Article
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Author Affiliation
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Document ID
630624-000
Document Date
6/24/1963
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Document Type
Document
Type of Signature
Signed (Handwritten signature of author)
Status
Cal. 8
Place Written
New York, N.Y.
Genre
Article
Document Length
10 pp.
Document Note
Enclosed in 630621-001.
Published In
New Leader 66 (24 June 1963): 3-11.
Dates
4/16/1963
9/1962
3/1963
1954
4/12/1963
4/7/1963
Names
Paul, the Apostle, Saint
Shuttlesworth, Fred L. [Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)]
Connor, Eugene [Birmingham (Ala.). Dept. of Public Safety]
Socrates
Boutwell, Albert Burton [Birmingham (Ala.). Office of the Mayor]
Niebuhr, Reinhold
King, Yolanda
King, Martin Luther, III
Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo
Aquinas, Thomas, Saint
Buber, Martin
Tillich, Paul
Shadrach (Biblical figure)
Meshach (Biblical figure)
Abednego (Biblical figure)
Nebuchadnezzar II, King of Babylonia, d. 562 B.C.
Hitler, Adolf
Jesus Christ
Elijah Muhammad
Amos (Biblical prophet)
Luther, Martin
Bunyan, John
Lincoln, Abraham
Jefferson, Thomas
McGill, Ralph
Smith, Lillian Eugenia
Golden, Harry
Dabbs, James McBride
Stallings, Earl [First Baptist Church (Birmingham, Ala.)]
Barnett, Ross R. [Mississippi. Office of the Governor]
Wallace, George C. (George Corley) [Alabama. Office of the Governor]
King, Martin Luther
Williams, Adam Daniel (A. D.)
Williams, Willis
Pritchett, Laurie [Albany (Ga.). Police Dept.]
Eliot, T. S. (Thomas Stearns)
Meredith, James
Organizations
Birmingham City Jail (Birmingham, Ala.)
Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)
Birmingham (Ala.). Dept. of Public Safety
Birmingham (Ala.). Office of the Mayor
United States. Supreme Court
Alabama. Legislature. Senate.
Alabama. Legislature. House of Representatives.
Ku Klux Klan
White Citizens Council
First Baptist Church (Birmingham, Ala.)
Spring Hill College (Mobile, Ala.)
Birmingham (Ala.). Police Dept.
Mississippi. Office of the Governor
Alabama. Office of the Governor
Albany (Ga.). Police Dept.
Places
Atlanta, Ga.
Birmingham, Ala.
New Orleans, La.
Montgomery, Ala.
Albany, Ga.
Texas
Mississippi
Germany
Hungary
Plymouth, Mass.
Topics
Letter from a Birmingham Jail
Afro-Americans - Civil rights
Albany Movement
Birmingham, 1963
Civil Disobedience
Civil rights
Direct action
Jews
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Arrests
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Natural law
Nonviolence
Police - Complaints against
Segregation--law and legislation
Church and Race Relations
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Publications - Reprints
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Political and Social views
Sit-ins
Freedom rides
Other Topics
Matthew 5:44
Amos 5:24
Galatians 6:17
Acts 5:29
Code for Location of Original
labc-MiU
Location of Original
Labadie Collection, University of Michigan, Hatcher Library, Ann Arbor
Copy Location (1)
RJBPC-CLU-AR, Ralph J. Bunche Collection (2051), University of California, Los Angeles, Charles E. Young Research Library, Special Collections, Los Angeles, Calif.
Copy Location (2)
MLKJP-GAMK, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers (Series I-IV), Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Copy Location (3)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
5/15/1996 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
05/17/1996
Date Updated
3/22/2016 4:54:09 PM
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''Direct Action for Negroes: Is It Unnecessary?''

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630800-003
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
New York, N.Y.
Document Date
8/1963
Genre
Article
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Document ID
630800-003
Document Date
8/1963
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Document Type
Document
Status
Not in
Place Written
New York, N.Y.
Genre
Article
Document Length
5 pp.
Published In
Current (August 1963): 16-20.
Dates
9/1962
1954
4/16/1963
Names
Shuttlesworth, Fred L. [Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)]
Connor, Eugene
Socrates
King, Yolanda
Elijah Muhammad
Jesus Christ
Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo
Hitler, Adolf
Meredith, James
Organizations
Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)
Funtown (Atlanta, Ga.)
United States. Supreme Court
Alabama. Legislature
Birmingham (Ala.). Police Dept.
White Citizens Council
Ku Klux Klan
Places
Birmingham, Ala.
New Orleans, La.
Germany
Hungary
Montgomery, Ala.
Topics
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Arrests
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Critics
Birmingham, 1963
Nonviolence
Letter from a Birmingham Jail
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Publications - Reprints
Direct action
Sit-ins
Freedom rides
Code for Location of Original
MLKJP-GAMK
Location of Original
Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers (Series I-IV), Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
5/21/1996 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
05/29/1996
Date Updated
4/21/2016 1:43:57 PM
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Draft, What the Marchers Really Want

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630825-003
Author
[King, Martin Luther, Jr.]
Place Written
[Atlanta, Ga.]
Document Date
8/25/1963
Genre
Article
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Typed
Author
[King, Martin Luther, Jr.]
Author Dates
1929-1968
Document ID
630825-003
Document Date
8/25/1963
Type of Writing
Typed
Document Type
Document
Type of Version
Draft
Status
Cal. 8
Place Written
[Atlanta, Ga.]
Genre
Article
Document Length
4 pp.
Names
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald) [United States. White House]
Organizations
United States. White House
Places
Birmingham, Ala.
New York, N.Y.
Topics
Discrimination in housing
Discrimination in public accommodations
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Publications
equality
Afro-Americans - Economic conditions
Afro-Americans - Social conditions
Nonviolence
Direct action
Sit-ins
Freedom rides
Civil rights
Code for Location of Original
MLKJP-GAMK
Location of Original
Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers (Series I-IV), Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
8/20/1998 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
08/25/1998
Date Updated
6/29/2016 2:57:05 PM
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Draft, An Appreciation of Kennedy: Dr. King and Wilkins on Rights

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document631124-002
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
[Atlanta, Ga.]
Document Date
[11/24/1963]
Genre
Article
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Typed
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Document ID
631124-002
Document Date
[11/24/1963]
Type of Writing
Typed
Document Type
Document
Status
Undecided
Place Written
[Atlanta, Ga.]
Genre
Article
Document Length
4 pp.
Document Note
Draft of 11/24/63 New York Herald Tribune
Dates
6/11/1963
11/22/1963
Names
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald) [United States. White House]
Lincoln, Abraham [United States. White House]
Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano) [United States. White House]
Johnson, Andrew [United States. White House]
Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines) [United States. White House]
Organizations
United States. White House
United States. Congress. House of Representatives
United States. Congress. Senate
Places
Tuscaloosa, Ala.
Birmingham, Ala.
Topics
Afro-Americans - Civil rights
Assassination
School integration
Direct action
Nonviolence
Code for Location of Original
MLKJP-GAMK
Location of Original
Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers (Series I-IV), Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Location of Original - Detail
Box 111
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
5/21/1996 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
05/29/1996
Date Updated
7/6/2016 4:58:13 PM
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Draft, Hammer of Civil Rights

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document640309-002
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
[Atlanta, Ga.]
Document Date
[3/9/1964]
Genre
Article
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Typed
Autograph -- author's hand
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Document ID
640309-002
Document Date
[3/9/1964]
Type of Writing
Typed
Autograph -- author's hand
Document Type
Document
Type of Version
Draft
Status
Undecided
Place Written
[Atlanta, Ga.]
Genre
Article
Document Length
18 pp.
Document Note
Draft of 3/9/64 Nation
Names
Lincoln, Abraham
Connor, Eugene
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald)
Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines)
Zinn, Howard
Thompson, Allen C.
Organizations
United States. Congress. House of Representatives
United States. Congress. Senate
Republican Party
United States. Commission on Civil Rights
President's Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity
United States. Dept. of Justice
United States. Interstate Commerce Commission
Ku Klux Klan
United States. Treasury Department
National Security Council
United States. Internal Revenue Service
Nation Magazine
Places
Birmingham, Ala.
Jackson, Miss.
Topics
Afro-Americans - Civil rights
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Political and Social views
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Publications
Emancipation Proclamation
Direct action
Human Rights
Presidential Elections
Civil Rights Act, 1964
Nonviolence
Segregation in transportation
Freedom rides
Birmingham, 1963
Police - Complaints against
United States - Constitutional law
Churches-vandalism
Other Topics
United States Criminal Code, Title 10, Section 241-242
Code for Location of Original
MLKP-MBU
Location of Original
Martin Luther King, Jr., Papers, 1954-1968, Boston University, Boston, Mass.
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
8/3/1999 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
08/06/1999
Date Updated
2/25/2010 2:11:15 PM
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''The School-Boycott Concept''

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document640330-000
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
[Atlanta, Ga.]
Document Date
3/30/1964
Genre
Article
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Typed
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Document ID
640330-000
Document Date
3/30/1964
Type of Writing
Typed
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Document Type
Document
Status
Undecided
Place Written
[Atlanta, Ga.]
Genre
Article
Document Length
3 pp.
Document Note
Draft of 4/11/64 NYAN.
Places
New York, N.Y.
Birmingham, Ala.
Topics
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Publications
Afro-American Education
School integration
Student movements
Direct action
Nonviolence
Birmingham, 1963
Other Topics
People In Action
New York Amsterdam News
Code for Location of Original
MLKJP-GAMK
Location of Original
Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers (Series I-IV), Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
8/5/1999 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
08/06/1999
Date Updated
2/25/2010 2:25:41 PM
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Draft, Behind the Selma March

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document650316-004
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
[Atlanta, Ga.]
Document Date
[3/16/1965]
Genre
Article
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Typed
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Document ID
650316-004
Document Date
[3/16/1965]
Type of Writing
Typed
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Document Type
Document
Type of Version
Draft
Status
Undecided
Place Written
[Atlanta, Ga.]
Genre
Article
Document Length
11 pp.
Document Note
Draft of 4/3/65 Saturday Review.
Dates
3/15/1965
3/7/1965
3/8/1965
3/9/1965
Names
Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines)
Abernathy, Ralph [Southern Christian Leadership Conference]
Farmer, James [Congress of Racial Equality]
Shuttlesworth, Fred L.
Young, Andrew
Spike, Robert W. (Robert Warren) [National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Commission on Religion and Race]
Wallace, George C. (George Corley) [Alabama. Office of the Governor]
Johnson, Frank M.
Clark, James
Collins, LeRoy [Florida. Office of the Governor]
Doar, John [United States. Dept. of Justice]
Lingo, Al
Baker, Wilson
Jones, Clarence B.
Vivian, C. T.
Organizations
Ebenezer Baptist Church (Atlanta, Ga.)
National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Commission on Religion and Race
Congress of Racial Equality
United States. Dept. of Justice
Alabama. Office of the Governor
Florida. Office of the Governor
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Places
Selma, Ala.
Montgomery, Ala.
Topics
Selma-Montgomery Rights March, 1965
Afro-Americans--Intimidation of
Voting Rights Act, 1965
Police - Complaints against
Southern Christian Leadership Conference--relations with government officials
Nonviolence
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Threats/attacks against
United States - Constitutional law
Direct action
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Career in Ministry
Southern Christian Leadership Conference--strategic planning
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Publications
Code for Location of Original
MLKJP-GAMK
Location of Original
Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers (Series I-IV), Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
2/5/1997 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
02/10/1997
Date Updated
1/20/2014 4:10:06 PM
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''My Dream: Great Expectations''

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document651127-003
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
New York, N.Y.
Document Date
[11/27/1965]
Genre
Article
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Typed
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Document ID
651127-003
Document Date
[11/27/1965]
Type of Writing
Typed
Document Type
Document
Status
Cal. 6
Place Written
New York, N.Y.
Genre
Article
Document Length
3 pp.
Document Note
Enclosed in 651127-002
Dates
12/17/1965
Names
Daniels, Jonathan
Liuzzo, Viola
Flowers, Richard
Katzenbach, Nicholas deB. (Nicholas deBelleville)
Organizations
Associated Negro Press
Places
Haynesville, Ala.
Topics
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Political and Social views
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Publications
Direct action
Afro-Americans--Intimidation of
Code for Location of Original
MCMLK-RWWL
Location of Original
Morehouse College Martin Luther King, Jr. Collection, Atlanta University Center, Robert W. Woodruff Library Archives and Special Collections, Atlanta, Ga.
Location of Original - Detail
2.4.0.400
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
8/29/1997 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
10/06/1997
Date Updated
7/31/2015 2:08:36 PM
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Galley, The Time for Freedom has Come

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document610731-004
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Document Date
[7/31/1961]
Genre
Article
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Typed
Autograph -- author's hand
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Document ID
610731-004
Document Date
[7/31/1961]
Type of Writing
Typed
Autograph -- author's hand
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Document Type
Document
Genre
Article
Document Length
4 pp.
Document Note
Enclosed in 610731-003. Marginal comment by King.
Names
Pollard, Francis
Hugo, Victor
Myrdal, Gunnar
Nkrumah, Kwame
Azikiwe, Nnamdi
Mboya, Tom
Banda, Hastings
Lumumba, Patrice
Thoreau, Henry David
Gandhi, Mahatma
Organizations
United States. Supreme Court
Ebenezer Baptist Church (Atlanta, Ga.)
Places
Montgomery, Ala.
Topics
Direct action
Civil Disobedience
Afro-American student movements
Nonviolence
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Freedom rides
Jim Crow
School integration
Brown vs. Board of Education, Topeka, Kansas
Afro-American Education
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Publications
Code for Location of Original
MCMLK-RWWL
Location of Original
Morehouse College Martin Luther King, Jr. Collection, Atlanta University Center, Robert W. Woodruff Library Archives and Special Collections, Atlanta, Ga.
Location of Original - Detail
2.4.0.530
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
4/29/1999 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
06/04/1999
5/16/2012 szwald
Date Updated
9/1/2015 12:53:07 PM
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14 records – page 1 of 2.