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''Letter From Birmingham City Jail''

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630624-000
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
New York, N.Y.
Document Date
6/24/1963
Genre
Article
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Author Affiliation
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Document ID
630624-000
Document Date
6/24/1963
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Document Type
Document
Type of Signature
Signed (Handwritten signature of author)
Status
Cal. 8
Place Written
New York, N.Y.
Genre
Article
Document Length
10 pp.
Document Note
Enclosed in 630621-001.
Published In
New Leader 66 (24 June 1963): 3-11.
Dates
4/16/1963
9/1962
3/1963
1954
4/12/1963
4/7/1963
Names
Paul, the Apostle, Saint
Shuttlesworth, Fred L. [Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)]
Connor, Eugene [Birmingham (Ala.). Dept. of Public Safety]
Socrates
Boutwell, Albert Burton [Birmingham (Ala.). Office of the Mayor]
Niebuhr, Reinhold
King, Yolanda
King, Martin Luther, III
Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo
Aquinas, Thomas, Saint
Buber, Martin
Tillich, Paul
Shadrach (Biblical figure)
Meshach (Biblical figure)
Abednego (Biblical figure)
Nebuchadnezzar II, King of Babylonia, d. 562 B.C.
Hitler, Adolf
Jesus Christ
Elijah Muhammad
Amos (Biblical prophet)
Luther, Martin
Bunyan, John
Lincoln, Abraham
Jefferson, Thomas
McGill, Ralph
Smith, Lillian Eugenia
Golden, Harry
Dabbs, James McBride
Stallings, Earl [First Baptist Church (Birmingham, Ala.)]
Barnett, Ross R. [Mississippi. Office of the Governor]
Wallace, George C. (George Corley) [Alabama. Office of the Governor]
King, Martin Luther
Williams, Adam Daniel (A. D.)
Williams, Willis
Pritchett, Laurie [Albany (Ga.). Police Dept.]
Eliot, T. S. (Thomas Stearns)
Meredith, James
Organizations
Birmingham City Jail (Birmingham, Ala.)
Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)
Birmingham (Ala.). Dept. of Public Safety
Birmingham (Ala.). Office of the Mayor
United States. Supreme Court
Alabama. Legislature. Senate.
Alabama. Legislature. House of Representatives.
Ku Klux Klan
White Citizens Council
First Baptist Church (Birmingham, Ala.)
Spring Hill College (Mobile, Ala.)
Birmingham (Ala.). Police Dept.
Mississippi. Office of the Governor
Alabama. Office of the Governor
Albany (Ga.). Police Dept.
Places
Atlanta, Ga.
Birmingham, Ala.
New Orleans, La.
Montgomery, Ala.
Albany, Ga.
Texas
Mississippi
Germany
Hungary
Plymouth, Mass.
Topics
Letter from a Birmingham Jail
Afro-Americans - Civil rights
Albany Movement
Birmingham, 1963
Civil Disobedience
Civil rights
Direct action
Jews
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Arrests
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Natural law
Nonviolence
Police - Complaints against
Segregation--law and legislation
Church and Race Relations
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Publications - Reprints
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Political and Social views
Sit-ins
Freedom rides
Other Topics
Matthew 5:44
Amos 5:24
Galatians 6:17
Acts 5:29
Code for Location of Original
labc-MiU
Location of Original
Labadie Collection, University of Michigan, Hatcher Library, Ann Arbor
Copy Location (1)
RJBPC-CLU-AR, Ralph J. Bunche Collection (2051), University of California, Los Angeles, Charles E. Young Research Library, Special Collections, Los Angeles, Calif.
Copy Location (2)
MLKJP-GAMK, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers (Series I-IV), Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Copy Location (3)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
5/15/1996 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
05/17/1996
Date Updated
3/22/2016 4:54:09 PM
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''Martin Luther King Jr. Writes Co-Religionist from Jail''

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630627-000
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
Tunkhannock, Pa.
Document Date
6/27/1963
Genre
Article
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Document ID
630627-000
Document Date
6/27/1963
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Document Type
Document
Status
Not in
Place Written
Tunkhannock, Pa.
Genre
Article
Document Length
6 pp.
Published In
Witness 48 (27 June 1963): 3-7.
Dates
4/7/1963
Names
Elijah Muhammad
Amos (Biblical prophet)
Paul, the Apostle, Saint
Jesus Christ
Luther, Martin
Bunyan, John
Lincoln, Abraham
Jefferson, Thomas
McGill, Ralph
Smith, Lillian Eugenia
Golden, Harry
Dabbs, James McBride
Stallings, Earl [First Baptist Church (Birmingham, Ala.)]
Barnett, Ross R. [Mississippi. Office of the Governor]
Wallace, George C. (George Corley) [Alabama. Office of the Governor]
King, Martin Luther
Williams, Adam Daniel (A. D.)
Williams, Willis
Pritchett, Laurie [Albany (Ga.). Police Dept.]
Eliot, T. S. (Thomas Stearns)
Meredith, James
Connor, Eugene
Organizations
Ku Klux Klan
White Citizens Council
First Baptist Church (Birmingham, Ala.)
Spring Hill College (Mobile, Ala.)
Birmingham (Ala.). Police Dept.
Mississippi. Office of the Governor
Alabama. Office of the Governor
Albany (Ga.). Police Dept.
Places
Birmingham, Ala.
Mississippi
Albany, Ga.
Montgomery, Ala.
Topics
Birmingham, 1963
Church and Race Relations
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Critics
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Arrests
Nonviolence
Letter from a Birmingham Jail
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Publications
Code for Location of Original
MLKJP-GAMK
Location of Original
Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers (Series I-IV), Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Copy Location (1)
CSKC-INP, Coretta Scott King Collection, In Private Hands
Copy Location (2)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
5/14/1996 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
05/29/1996
Date Updated
6/29/2016 2:38:22 PM
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''Love and Nonviolence and the Shame of Segregation''

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630700-000
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
New York, N.Y.
Document Date
7/1963
Genre
Article
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Document ID
630700-000
Document Date
7/1963
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Document Type
Document
Status
Not in
Place Written
New York, N.Y.
Genre
Article
Document Length
3 pp.
Document Note
Enclosed in 630815-002.
Published In
Jubilee 11 (July 1963): 22-23.
Dates
7/1963
Names
Moses (Biblical leader)
Shakespeare, William
Peter, the Apostle, Saint
Jesus Christ
Places
Montgomery, Ala.
Topics
Strength to Love
Nonviolence
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Publications - Reprints
Code for Location of Original
MLKJP-GAMK
Location of Original
Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers (Series I-IV), Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Copy Location (1)
SCLCE-GEU-S, Southern Christian Leadership Conference Records, 1864-2007, Manuscript, Archives, and Rare Book Library, Emory University, Atlanta, Ga.
Filing Info
Box 818, folder 2
Copy Location (2)
MLKP-MBU, Martin Luther King, Jr., Papers, 1954-1968, Howard Gotlieb Archival Research Center, Boston University, Boston, Mass.
Filing Info
Box 85
Filing Info
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
8/15/1988 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
01/09/1989
7/15/2013 dbeals
Date Updated
6/29/2016 2:38:42 PM
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The Birmingham Movement and the Kennedy Administration

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630700-008
Author
[King, Martin Luther, Jr.]
Place Written
[Atlanta, Ga.]
Document Date
[6/1963-7/1963]
Genre
Report
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Typed
Autograph -- author's hand
Author
[King, Martin Luther, Jr.]
Author Dates
1929-1968
Document ID
630700-008
Document Date
[6/1963-7/1963]
Type of Writing
Typed
Autograph -- author's hand
Document Type
Document
Status
Cal. 8
Place Written
[Atlanta, Ga.]
Genre
Report
Document Length
5 pp.
Names
Rusk, Dean
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald)
Kennedy, Robert F.
Lippmann, Walter
Gaulle, Charles de
Lincoln, Abraham
Organizations
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Places
Birmingham, Ala.
Washington, D.C.
Jackson, Miss.
Topics
Civil rights
Birmingham, 1963
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Political and Social views
World Politics
Code for Location of Original
MCMLK-RWWL
Location of Original
Morehouse College Martin Luther King, Jr. Collection, Atlanta University Center, Robert W. Woodruff Library Archives and Special Collections, Atlanta, Ga.
Location of Original - Detail
2.3.0.530
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
7/12/1999 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
07/12/1999
Date Updated
2/13/2015 1:27:15 PM
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Proposed plans for the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630702-014
Document Date
7/2/1963
Genre
Report
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Typed
Document ID
630702-014
Document Date
7/2/1963
Type of Writing
Typed
Document Type
Document
Status
Cal. 8
Genre
Report
Document Length
8 pp.
Dates
8/28/1963
1863
4/18/1959
Names
Farmer, James [Congress of Racial Equality]
Randolph, A. Philip (Asa Philip) [Negro American Labor Council]
King, Martin Luther, Jr. [Southern Christian Leadership Conference]
Wilkins, Roy [National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)]
Young, Whitney M. [National Urban League]
Lewis, John [Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (U.S.)]
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald) [United States. White House]
Beavers, Joseph A. [March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, Washington, D.C., 1963]
Organizations
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
Negro American Labor Council
Congress of Racial Equality
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (U.S.)
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
National Urban League
United States. Congress. Senate
March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, Washington, D.C., 1963
United States. White House
United States. Congress. House of Representatives
Guardians Association
Places
Boston, Mass.
New Haven, Conn.
New York, N.Y.
Philadelphia, Pa.
Newark, N.J.
Trenton, N.J.
Baltimore, Md.
Washington, D.C.
Richmond, Va.
Wilmington, Del.
North Carolina
Topics
March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, 1963
Youth March for Integrated Schools
Strategic Planning
Civil Rights Act, 1964
Discrimination in Employment
Emancipation Proclamation
Code for Location of Original
MLKJP-GAMK
Location of Original
Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers (Series I-IV), Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Location of Original - Detail
Box 68, folder 30
Copy Location (1)
NAACPP-DLC, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Collection, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
Copy Location (2)
DJG-GEU-S, David J. Garrow Collection, Manuscript, Archives, and Rare Book Library, Emory University, Atlanta, Ga.
Filing Info
Box 1.5, folder March on Washington
Copy Location (3)
SNCCP-GAMK, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee Papers, 1959-1972, Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Filing Info
Reel 62, frame 25
Copy Location (4)
BRP-DLC, Bayard Rustin Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
Filing Info
Reel 7
Copy Location (5)
APRP-DLC, A. Philip Randolph Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
Filing Info
Digital file 001608-021-0669
Copy Location (6)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
7/7/2004 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
5/14/2012 kpp
12/1/2016 dalai
Date Updated
12/1/2016 9:58:37 AM
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Letter From Birmingham Jail

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630706-000
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
San Francisco, Calif.
Document Date
7/6/1963
Genre
Article
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Author Affiliation
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Document ID
630706-000
Document Date
7/6/1963
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Document Type
Document
Type of Version
Fragment
Status
Not in
Place Written
San Francisco, Calif.
Genre
Article
Document Length
1 p.
Published In
San Francisco Chronicle, 6 July 1963.
Dates
4/16/1963
Names
Socrates
Niebuhr, Reinhold
Organizations
Birmingham City Jail (Birmingham, Ala.)
Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)
Places
Birmingham, Ala.
Topics
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Arrests
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Critics
Church and Race Relations
Birmingham, 1963
Nonviolence
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Publications - Reprints
Code for Location of Original
MLKPP
Location of Original
Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
5/15/1996 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
05/17/1996
Date Updated
6/29/2016 2:39:11 PM
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''Direct Action for Negroes: Is It Unnecessary?''

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630800-003
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
New York, N.Y.
Document Date
8/1963
Genre
Article
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Document ID
630800-003
Document Date
8/1963
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Document Type
Document
Status
Not in
Place Written
New York, N.Y.
Genre
Article
Document Length
5 pp.
Published In
Current (August 1963): 16-20.
Dates
9/1962
1954
4/16/1963
Names
Shuttlesworth, Fred L. [Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)]
Connor, Eugene
Socrates
King, Yolanda
Elijah Muhammad
Jesus Christ
Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo
Hitler, Adolf
Meredith, James
Organizations
Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)
Funtown (Atlanta, Ga.)
United States. Supreme Court
Alabama. Legislature
Birmingham (Ala.). Police Dept.
White Citizens Council
Ku Klux Klan
Places
Birmingham, Ala.
New Orleans, La.
Germany
Hungary
Montgomery, Ala.
Topics
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Arrests
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Critics
Birmingham, 1963
Nonviolence
Letter from a Birmingham Jail
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Publications - Reprints
Direct action
Sit-ins
Freedom rides
Code for Location of Original
MLKJP-GAMK
Location of Original
Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers (Series I-IV), Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
5/21/1996 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
05/29/1996
Date Updated
4/21/2016 1:43:57 PM
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Draft, What the Marchers Really Want

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630825-003
Author
[King, Martin Luther, Jr.]
Place Written
[Atlanta, Ga.]
Document Date
8/25/1963
Genre
Article
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Typed
Author
[King, Martin Luther, Jr.]
Author Dates
1929-1968
Document ID
630825-003
Document Date
8/25/1963
Type of Writing
Typed
Document Type
Document
Type of Version
Draft
Status
Cal. 8
Place Written
[Atlanta, Ga.]
Genre
Article
Document Length
4 pp.
Names
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald) [United States. White House]
Organizations
United States. White House
Places
Birmingham, Ala.
New York, N.Y.
Topics
Discrimination in housing
Discrimination in public accommodations
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Publications
equality
Afro-Americans - Economic conditions
Afro-Americans - Social conditions
Nonviolence
Direct action
Sit-ins
Freedom rides
Civil rights
Code for Location of Original
MLKJP-GAMK
Location of Original
Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers (Series I-IV), Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
8/20/1998 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
08/25/1998
Date Updated
6/29/2016 2:57:05 PM
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Memo to Jamie Moore

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630920-027
Author
Whitehouse, R.S.
Watkins, R.A.
Place Written
Birmingham, Ala.
Document Date
9/20/1963
Genre
Report
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Typed
Author
Whitehouse, R.S.
Watkins, R.A.
Author Affiliation
Birmingham (Ala.). Police Dept.
Document ID
630920-027
Document Date
9/20/1963
Type of Writing
Typed
Document Type
Document
Status
v. cut
Cal. 8
Place Written
Birmingham, Ala.
Genre
Report
Document Length
5 pp.
Dates
9/15/1963
9/16/1963
9/23/1963
Names
Gardner, Edward Hall
Wallace, George C. (George Corley) [Alabama. Office of the Governor]
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald) [United States. White House]
Boutwell, Albert Burton [Birmingham (Ala.). Office of the Mayor]
Collins, Addie Mae
Robertson, Carole Rosamond
Wesley, Cynthia Dianne
McNair, Carol Denise
Ware, Virgil
Robinson, Johnny
Powell, Josephine
Marcus, Patricia
Walker, Richard Arnold
Armstrong, Dwight Edward
Armstrong, Floyd Douglas
Shuttlesworth, Fred L.
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Lewis, Scott [Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (U.S.)]
Abernathy, Ralph
Lingo, Al
Thorn, Anita [Birmingham (Ala.). Police Dept.]
Moore, Jamie [Birmingham (Ala.). Police Dept.]
Organizations
Alabama. Office of the Governor
United States. White House
Birmingham (Ala.). Office of the Mayor
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (U.S.)
Sixth Avenue Baptist Church (Birmingham, Ala.)
Sixteenth Street Baptist Church (Birmingham, Ala.)
United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation
University of Alabama (Tuscaloosa, Ala.)
Birmingham (Ala.). Fire Dept.
United States. Army
Alabama. Dept. of Public Safety
Alabama. National Guard
Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)
Republican Party
St. Luke's Baptist Church (Birmingham, Ala.)
Places
Montgomery, Ala.
Topics
Churches-vandalism
Freedom rides
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Public Speaking
Governmental investigations
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Political and Social views
Nonviolence
Bombings
Meetings
Sixteenth Street Baptist Church Bombing, Birmingham, Ala., 1963
Police - Complaints against
Code for Location of Original
WCHP-AB
Location of Original
William C. Hamilton Papers, Birmingham Public and Jefferson County Free Library, Birmingham, Ala.
Location of Original - Detail
Box 3, Folder 4
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
1/29/2008 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
1/7/2010
1/7/2010 szwald
Date Updated
6/23/2016 11:32:54 AM
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''Voter Registration''

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630925-040
Author
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Document Date
[9/25/1963]
Genre
Report
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Typed
Author
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Document ID
630925-040
Document Date
[9/25/1963]
Type of Writing
Typed
Document Type
Document
Status
Cal. 8
Genre
Report
Document Length
8 pp.
Dates
1962
5/1963
1/1963-4/3/1963
1957
9/27/1963
6/1/1963-8/15/1963
Names
Young, Andrew [Southern Christian Leadership Conference]
Bevel, James L. (James Luther) [Southern Christian Leadership Conference]
Cotton, Dorothy F. [Southern Christian Leadership Conference]
Coulton, Herbert [Southern Christian Leadership Conference]
Mack, Benjamin [Southern Christian Leadership Conference]
Ponder, Annell [Southern Christian Leadership Conference]
Moses, Robert Parris [Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (U.S.)]
Simpkins, Cuthbert O.
Johns, Major [Southern Christian Leadership Conference]
Reid, Milton A. [Southern Christian Leadership Conference]
Organizations
Voter Education Project (Southern Regional Council)
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (U.S.)
United States. Dept. of Justice
Council of Federated Organizations (COFO)
Birmingham (Ala.). City Jail
Places
Birmingham, Ala.
Danville, Va.
Petersburg, Va.
Dinwiddie County, Va.
Nottoway County, Va.
Powhatan County, Va.
Columbus, Ga.
Atlanta, Ga.
Savannah, Ga.
Macon, Ga.
Greenwood, Miss.
Shreveport, La.
New Orleans, La.
Montgomery, Ala.
Tennessee
North Carolina
South Carolina
Topics
Voter registration
Birmingham, 1963
Literacy tests
Direct action
Federal intervention
Code for Location of Original
SCLCR-GAMK
Location of Original
Southern Christian Leadership Conference Records, 1954-1970, Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Location of Original - Detail
Box 138, folder 22
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
7/25/2012 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
7/30/2012 szwald
Date Updated
6/29/2016 4:33:15 PM
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662 records – page 1 of 67.