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Interview by Donald T. Ferron

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document560120-001
Author
Lewis, Rufus
Place Written
Montgomery, Ala.
Document Date
1/20/1956
Genre
Interview
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Typed
Author
Lewis, Rufus
Author Affiliation
Montgomery Improvement Association
Document ID
560120-001
Document Date
1/20/1956
Type of Writing
Typed
Document Type
Document
Type of Version
Fragment
Status
Cal. 3
Place Written
Montgomery, Ala.
Genre
Interview
Document Length
7 pp.
Names
Colvin, Claudette
Parks, Rosa
Robinson, Jo Ann Gibson
Nixon, E. D. (Edgar Daniel)
Langford, Charles D.
Walton
Powell, W.(William) J.
Sellers, Clyde
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Bennett, L. Roy
Gray, Fred D.
Birmingham, Dave
Frazier
Organizations
Citizens Coordinating Committee
Montgomery Improvement Association
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
Freemasons. Prince Hall Grand Lodge
Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity
Southern Regional Council
Alabama Council on Human Relations (ACHR)
Women's Political Council (WPC)
White Citizens Council
Citizen's Club
Progresive Democratic Organization
Dexter Avenue Baptist Church
Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA)
Mount Zion Methodist Church
Holt Street Baptist Church
Places
Selma, Ala.
Birmingham, Ala.
Topics
Montgomery Improvement Association--organizational structure
Montgomery Improvement Association--relations with other organizations
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Segregation in transportation
Afro-Americans--Intimidation of
Montgomery Improvement Association--fund raising
Montgomery Improvement Association--staff
Voter registration
Race relations
Montgomery Improvement Association--meetings
Code for Location of Original
PV-ARC
Location of Original
Preston Valien Collection, Amistad Research Center, Tulane University, New Orleans, La.
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
2/25/1992 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
02/26/1992
Date Updated
5/26/2015 12:43:03 PM
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Montgomery: Impressions and Mass meeting notes

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document560305-027
Author
[Halstead, Fred]
Place Written
Montgomery, Ala.
Document Date
3/4/1956-3/5/1956
Genre
Document
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Autograph -- author's hand
Author
[Halstead, Fred]
Document ID
560305-027
Document Date
3/4/1956-3/5/1956
Type of Writing
Autograph -- author's hand
Document Type
Document
Status
Cal. 3
Place Written
Montgomery, Ala.
Genre
Document
Document Length
35 pp.
Dates
3/1/1956
3/2/1956
5/5/1955
Names
King, Martin Luther, Jr. [Montgomery Improvement Association]
Lucy, Autherine
Williams, Aubrey
Eastland, James O. (James Oliver)
Bennett, L. Roy [Montgomery Improvement Association]
Abernathy, Ralph
Parks, Rosa
Nixon, E. D. (Edgar Daniel) [Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters and Maids]
Colvin, Claudette
Thrasher, Thomas R.
Gandhi, Mahatma
Christ, Jesus
Azbell, Joe
Caldwell, Ida Mae
Graetz, Robert
Shuttlesworth, Fred
Organizations
Montgomery Improvement Association
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
University of Alabama
Communist Party of the United States of America
Alabama. Legislature. Senate.
Alabama. Legislature. House of Representatives.
Southern Conference Educational Fund, Inc.
White Citizens Council
Alabama State College
Maxwell Airforce Base
Bethel Baptist Church
Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters and Maids
Holt Street Baptist Church
Places
Tuscaloosa, Ala.
Birmingham, Ala.
Topics
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Afro-Americans--Intimidation of
Afro-American Education
Electoral politics
Montgomery Improvement Association--meetings
Labor Movement
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Public Speaking
Other Topics
Southern Farmer
Mongomery Advertiser
Montgomery Reporter
Code for Location of Original
FHP-WHi
Location of Original
Fred Halstead Papers, State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis.
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
5/19/1988 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
09/20/1988
Date Updated
4/29/2009 3:47:24 PM
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Notes, Mass meeting at Holt Street Baptist Church

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document560326-007
Author
Holden, Anna
Place Written
Montgomery, Ala.
Document Date
[3/26/1956]
Genre
Report
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Typed
Author
Holden, Anna
Document ID
560326-007
Document Date
[3/26/1956]
Type of Writing
Typed
Document Type
Document
Status
Cal. 3
Place Written
Montgomery, Ala.
Genre
Report
Document Length
7 pp.
Dates
12/5/1955
Names
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Robinson, Jo Ann Gibson
Glasco, R. J.
Lewis, Rufus A.
Fields, U. (Uriah) J.
Bennett, L. Roy
Christ, Jesus
Johnson, James Welder
Dunbar, Paul Lawrence
Engelhardt, Sam
Diggs, Charles C.
Hapes, Joshua W.
Abernathy, Ralph
Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth
Paine, Thomas
Hubberman, H.H.
Johnson, Beulah
Organizations
Montgomery Improvement Association
United States. Supreme Court
New York Post
Sears Robuck Co.
Maxwell Field
Places
Chicago, Ill.
Birmingham, Ala.
Savannah, Ga.
Topics
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Montgomery Improvement Association--strategic planning
Montgomery Improvement Association--meetings
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Trials, litigation, etc.
Montgomery Improvement Association--Finance
Afro-Americans--Intimidation of
Discrimination in Employment
Jews
Other Topics
I'll Never Be Satisfied with Jesus
I Need Thee Every Hour
Lord, I Want to Love Everybody
I Got a Saviour in that Man
Leaning on the Everlasting Arms
Psalm 37:1-2
Onward Christian Soldier
Climbing Jacob's Ladder
Lift Every Voice
We are Marching to Zion
Code for Location of Original
PV-ARC
Location of Original
Preston Valien Collection, Amistad Research Center, Tulane University, New Orleans, La.
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
3/4/1992 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
03/06/1992
Date Updated
5/26/2015 12:43:11 PM
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''The 'New Negro' of the South: Behind the Montgomery Story,'' Address at NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund annual dinner on 5/17/1956

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document560600-000
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
New York, N.Y.
Document Date
6/1956
Genre
Speech
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Document ID
560600-000
Document Date
6/1956
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Document Type
Document
Status
In Vol. 3
Place Written
New York, N.Y.
Genre
Speech
Document Length
4 pp.
Published In
Socialist Call 24 (June 1956): 16-19.
Dates
5/17/1951
Names
Scott, Dred
Cowper, William
Watts, Isaac
Gandhi, Mahatma
Lincoln, Abraham
Jefferson, Thomas
Organizations
Montgomery Improvement Association
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
United States. Supreme Court
Places
Montgomery, Ala.
Africa
Topics
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Publications
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Publications - Reprints
Race relations
Slavery
Plessy vs Ferguson, 1896
Brown vs. Board of Education, Topeka, Kansas
Nonviolence
Communism
Psychology
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Public Speaking
Other Topics
The Peril of Superficial Optimism in the Area of Race Relations
A Realistic Look at Race Relations
Amos 5:24
Declaration of Independence
Code for Location of Original
MLKJP-GAMK
Location of Original
Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers (Series I-IV), Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Location of Original - Detail
Box 107
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
2/12/1988 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
02/17/1988
Date Updated
10/14/2015 4:33:43 PM
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Draft, ''The Montgomery Story,'' Address at the Forty-Seventh Annual Convention of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document560627-000
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
[San Francisco, Calif.]
Document Date
6/27/1956
Genre
Speech
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Autograph -- author's hand
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Document ID
560627-000
Document Date
6/27/1956
Type of Writing
Autograph -- author's hand
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Document Type
Document
Type of Version
Draft
Status
Cal. 3
Place Written
[San Francisco, Calif.]
Genre
Speech
Document Length
23 pp.
Dates
12/1/1955
12/5/1955
5/17/1954
Names
Parks, Rosa
Nixon, Edgar Daniel
Carlyle, Thomas
Bryant, William Cullen
Lowell, James Russell
Gandhi, Mahatma
Hughes, Langston
White, Walter Francis
Scott, Dred
Aristotle
Cowper, William
Organizations
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
United States. Supreme Court
Holt Street Baptist Church
Montgomery Improvement Association
White Citizens Council
Places
Montgomery, Ala.
Africa
Topics
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Public Speaking
Nonviolence
Slavery
Protestantism
Montgomery Improvement Association--meetings
Church and Race Relations
City of Montgomery vs. Rosa Parks
Brown vs. Board of Education, Topeka, Kansas
Afro-Americans - Social conditions
Afro-Americans--Intimidation of
Segregation in transportation
Segregation--law and legislation
Other Topics
Mother to Son
Exodus 9:18-28
Ephesians 6:5-9
The Negro?s Complaint
Code for Location of Original
NAACPP-DLC
Location of Original
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Papers, 1909-1955, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
Location of Original - Detail
Group III-B192
Copy Location (1)
MLKJP-GAMK, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers (Series I-IV), Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Copy Location (2)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
2/12/1988 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
2/22/2010
2/22/2010 szwald
Date Updated
6/2/2015 9:18:52 AM
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''The Montgomery Story,'' Address at the forty-seventh annual convention of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document560627-009
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
San Francisco, Calif.
Document Date
6/27/1956
Genre
Speech
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Typed
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Author Affiliation
Montgomery Improvement Association
Document ID
560627-009
Document Date
6/27/1956
Type of Writing
Typed
Document Type
Document
Status
Cal. 6
Place Written
San Francisco, Calif.
Genre
Speech
Document Length
13 pp.
Dates
1619
1857
12/1/1955
12/5/1955
12/4/1955
5/17/1954
Names
Parks, Rosa
Nixon, Edgar Daniel
Carlyle, Thomas
Bryant, William Cullen
Lowell, James Russell
Gandhi, Mahatma
Hughes, Langston
White, Walter Francis
Scott, Dred
Aristotle
Cowper, William
Sellers, Clyde
Organizations
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
Dexter Avenue Baptist Church (Montgomery, Ala.)
United States. Supreme Court
Holt Street Baptist Church
White Citizens Council
Places
Montgomery, Ala.
Plymouth, Mass.
India
Africa
Topics
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Public Speaking
Nonviolence
Slavery
Protestantism
Montgomery Improvement Association--meetings
Church and Race Relations
City of Montgomery vs. Rosa Parks
Brown vs. Board of Education, Topeka, Kansas
Afro-Americans - Social conditions
Afro-Americans--Intimidation of
Segregation in transportation
Segregation--law and legislation
Other Topics
Mother to Son
Exodus 9:18-28
Ephesians 6:5-9
Matthew 5:44
The Negro?s Complaint
Code for Location of Original
MCMLK-RWWL
Location of Original
Morehouse College Martin Luther King, Jr. Collection, Atlanta University Center, Robert W. Woodruff Library Archives and Special Collections, Atlanta, Ga.
Location of Original - Detail
2.3.0.1050
Copy Location (1)
NAACPP-DLC, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Collection, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
Filing Info
Group III-B192
Copy Location (2)
labc-MiU, Labadie Collection, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich.
Copy Location (3)
MLKP-MBU, Martin Luther King, Jr., Papers, 1954-1968, Howard Gotlieb Archival Research Center, Boston University, Boston, Mass.
Filing Info
Box 89, folder 10
Copy Location (4)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
1/10/2000 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
2/22/2010
2/22/2010 szwald
Date Updated
10/9/2015 8:20:03 AM
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''Non-Aggression Procedures to Interracial Harmony,'' Address delivered at the American Baptist Assembly and American Home Mission Agencies Conference

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document560723-004
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
Green Lake, Wis.
Document Date
[7/23/1956]
Genre
Speech
Document Type
Audio Tape
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Document ID
560723-004
Document Date
[7/23/1956]
Document Type
Audio Tape
Status
In Vol. 3
Place Written
Green Lake, Wis.
Genre
Speech
Document Length
29 min.
Document Note
1 sound cassette: analog
Names
James, William
Aristotle
Gandhi, Mahatma
Lowell, James Russell
Bryant, William Cullen
Carlyle, Thomas
King, Coretta Scott
Plato
Watts, Isaac, 1674-1748
Cowper, William
Paul, Saint
Christ, Jesus
Organizations
American Baptist Assembly
United States. Supreme Court
Places
Asia
Africa
Japan
Pakistan
China
India
Montgomery, Ala.
England
Topics
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Public Speaking
Afro-Americans - Social conditions
Imperialism
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Political and Social views
Nonviolence
Pacifism
Race relations
Gandhism
Afro-American Education
Slavery
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Family - Coretta Scott King
Other Topics
Loving Your Enemies
Matthew 26:52
Ephesians 6:5
Genesis 9:24-25
Matthew 5:44
Code for Location of Original
ABAC-GaAaABHS
Location of Original
American Baptist Archives Center, American Baptist Historical Society, Valley Forge, Pa.
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
4/7/1995 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
05/16/1995
Date Updated
5/26/2015 11:47:03 AM
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''Report from the South, Number 2''

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document560815-000
Author
Smiley, Glenn E.
Document Date
8/15/1956
Genre
Report
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Typed
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Author
Smiley, Glenn E.
Author Affiliation
Fellowship of Reconciliation (U.S.)
Document ID
560815-000
Document Date
8/15/1956
Type of Writing
Typed
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Document Type
Document
Status
Cal. 3
Genre
Report
Document Length
4 pp.
Dates
4/1/1956
5/12/1956
7/1956
7/24/1956-7/25/1956
9/17/1956
Names
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Lawrence, Charles
Muste, Abraham John
Swomley, John M.
Abernathy, Ralph
Brazeal, Brailsford R.
Isaac, Alfred
Timmerman, George Bell
Brady, Thomas P.
Carter, Asa
Rollins, J. Metz (Joseph Metz) [Trinity Presbyterian Church]
Lee, J. Oscar
Jennings, R. H.
Nabors, Billy Joe
McCollom, Matthew
Cannon, Robert L.
Organizations
White Citizens Council
United States. Supreme Court
Montgomery Improvement Association
South Carolina Council on Human Relations
Trinity Presbyterian Church
Inter Civic Council of Tallahassee (ICC)
Morehouse College (Atlanta, Ga.)
National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America
Tuskegee Institute
Koinonia Farm
University of Alabama
Places
Orangeburg, S.C.
Selma, Ala.
Birmingham, Ala.
Nashville, Tenn.
Montgomery, Ala.
Tallahassee, Fla.
Atlanta, Ga.
Americus, Ga.
Talladega, Ala.
Tuscaloosa, Ala.
Topics
Nonviolence
Afro-Americans--Intimidation of
Segregation--law and legislation
Afro-Americans - Social conditions
Montgomery Bus Boycott
School integration
Voter registration
Other Topics
The Power of Nonviolence
Erasing the Color Line
The Dagger and the Cross
New Testament Basis of Pacifism
Code for Location of Original
FORR-PSC-P
Location of Original
Fellowship of Reconciliation Records, 1943-1973 , Swarthmore College Peace Collection, Swarthmore, Pa.
Copy Location (1)
GESP-INP, Glenn E. Smiley Papers, In Private Hands
Copy Location (2)
FORR-PSC-P, Fellowship of Reconciliation Records, 1943-1973, Swarthmore College Peace Collection, Swarthmore, Pa.
Copy Location (3)
MLKJP-GAMK, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers (Series I-IV), Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Copy Location (4)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
8/15/1988 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
2/1/2010
2/1/2010 szwald
Date Updated
6/2/2015 9:18:52 AM
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''Facing the Challenge of a New Age,'' Address at the first annual Institute of Nonviolence and Social Change at Holt Street Baptist Church

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document561203-000
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
Montgomery, Ala.
Document Date
12/3/1956
Genre
Speech
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Typed
Autograph -- author's hand
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Author Affiliation
Montgomery Improvement Association
Document ID
561203-000
Document Date
12/3/1956
Type of Writing
Typed
Autograph -- author's hand
Document Type
Document
Status
In Vol. 3
Cal. 6
Place Written
Montgomery, Ala.
Genre
Speech
Document Length
21 pp.
Document Note
Marginal comments by King
Dates
1619
5/17/1954
Names
Heraclitus, of Ephesus
Donne, John
Emerson, Ralph Waldo
Shakespeare, William
Malloch, Douglas
Bryant, William Cullen
Lowell, James Russell
Carlyle, Thomas
Holland, J. G. (Josiah Gilbert)
Hegel, George Wilhelm Friedrich
Scott, Dred
Hope, Bob
Michelangelo Buonarroti
Beethoven, Ludwig van
Jesus Christ
Caesar, Julius
Organizations
Institute on Non-Violence and Social Change
Holt Street Baptist Church
United States. Supreme Court
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Democratic Party
Republican Party
Places
Asia
Africa
Egypt
Hungary
China
Plymouth
Topics
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Social Activism
Social Gospel
Imperialism
Slavery
Plessy vs Ferguson, 1896
Afro-Americans - Economic conditions
Brown vs. Board of Education, Topeka, Kansas
Agape
Nonviolence
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Public Speaking
Other Topics
Plessy Doctrine
Matthew 5:44-45
The Star Spangled Banner
Code for Location of Original
MLKP-MBU
Location of Original
Martin Luther King, Jr., Papers, 1954-1968, Howard Gotlieb Archival Research Center, Boston University, Boston, Mass.
Location of Original - Detail
Box 3, folder 11
Copy Location (1)
SLA-GASU, Southern Labor Archives, Special Collections Department, William Russell Pullen Library, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Ga
Copy Location (2)
RGP-INP, Robert Graetz Papers, In Private Hands
Copy Location (3)
LDRP-NN-Sc, Lawrence Dunbar Reddick Papers, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, The New York Public Library, New York, N.Y.
Filing Info
Box 3, folder 11
Copy Location (4)
CSKC-INP, Coretta Scott King Collection, In Private Hands
Filing Info
Sermon file, folder 135, ''Facing the Challenge of a New Age''
Copy Location (5)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
2/25/1988 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
03/03/1988
2/1/2010 szwald
Date Updated
11/18/2015 2:27:26 PM
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Letter to Warren Olney

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document561204-012
Author
Mitchell, Clarence
Place Written
Washington, D.C.
Document Date
12/4/1956
Genre
Letter
Document Type
Letter
Type of Writing
Typed
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Author
Mitchell, Clarence
Author Affiliation
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Document ID
561204-012
Document Date
12/4/1956
Type of Writing
Typed
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Document Type
Letter
Type of Version
Copy
Status
Cal. 3
Place Written
Washington, D.C.
Genre
Letter
Document Length
3 pp.
Dates
10/23/1956
11/3/1956
10/13/1956-10/27/1956
Names
Olney, Warren [United States. Dept. of Justice]
O'Donnell, Joseph
LeFlore, J. L.
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Williams, Sam
McLean, Charles A.
Evers, Medgar Wiley
Organizations
United States. Dept. of Justice
Southern Railway Train Company
Places
Mississippi
Alabama
North Carolina
Oklahoma
Atlanta, Ga.
Mobile, Ala.
Montgomery, Ala.
New Orleans, La.
Jackson, Miss.
Lawton, Okla.
Fort Bill, Okla.
Birmingham, Ala.
Topics
Segregation in transportation
Afro-Americans--Intimidation of
Segregation--law and legislation
Code for Location of Original
WCFG-KAbE
Location of Original
White House Central Files (General File), Dwight D. Eisenhower Library, Abilene, Kan.
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
5/23/1995 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
07/03/1995
Date Updated
1/20/2009 2:50:41 PM
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240 records – page 1 of 24.