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''Letter from Birmingham Jail''

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630612-005
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
Chicago, Ill.
Document Date
6/12/1963
Genre
Article
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Autograph -- author's hand
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Author Affiliation
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Document ID
630612-005
Document Date
6/12/1963
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Autograph -- author's hand
Document Type
Document
Status
Cal. 8
Place Written
Chicago, Ill.
Genre
Article
Document Length
8 pp.
Dates
9/1962
4/14/1963
3/1963
5/17/1954
4/12/1963
Names
Stallings, Earl
Shuttlesworth, Fred L. [Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)]
Connor, Eugene
Socrates
Boutwell, Albert Burton
Niebuhr, Reinhold
King, Yolanda
King, Martin Luther, III
Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo
Aquinas, Thomas, Saint
Buber, Martin
Tillich, Paul
Shadrach (Biblical figure)
Meshach (Biblical figure)
Abednego (Biblical figure)
Nebuchadnezzar II, King of Babylonia
Hitler, Adolf
Jesus Christ
Elijah Muhammad
Amos (Biblical prophet)
Paul, the Apostle, Saint
Luther, Martin
Bunyan, John
Lincoln, Abraham
Jefferson, Thomas
McGill, Ralph
Smith, Lillian Eugenia
Golden, Harry
Dabbs, James McBride
Braden, Anne
Boyle, Sarah-Patton
Barnett, Ross R. [Mississippi. Office of the Governor]
Wallace, George C. (George Corley) [Alabama. Office of the Governor]
Pritchett, Laurie [Albany (Ga.). Police Dept.]
Meredith, James
Eliot, T. S. (Thomas Stearns)
Organizations
Birmingham City Jail (Birmingham, Ala.)
Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)
Birmingham (Ala.). Office of the Mayor
Funtown (Atlanta, Ga.)
United States. Supreme Court
Ku Klux Klan
White Citizens Council
Spring Hill College (Mobile, Ala.)
Alabama. Office of the Governor
Mississippi. Office of the Governor
Birmingham (Ala.). Police Dept.
Albany (Ga.). Police Dept.
Places
Birmingham, Ala.
Atlanta, Ga.
Tarsus, Turkey
Macedonia
Montgomery, Ala.
Asia
Africa
New Orleans, La.
Texas
Germany
Hungary
South America
Caribbean
Mississippi
Albany, Ga.
Plymouth, Mass.
Topics
Letter from a Birmingham Jail
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Arrests
Birmingham, 1963
Direct action
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Critics
Civil Disobedience
Church and Race Relations
Afro-Americans--Intimidation of
Brown vs. Board of Education, Topeka, Kansas
Natural law
Southern Christian Leadership Conference--relations with other organizations
Discrimination in public accommodations
World Politics
Sit-ins
Freedom rides
Nonviolence
Other Topics
Matthew 5:44
Amos 5:24
Galatians 6:17
Code for Location of Original
CSKC-INP
Location of Original
Coretta Scott King Collection, In Private Hands
Location of Original - Detail
MS 22, #693
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
2/24/1999 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
03/15/1999
Date Updated
10/26/2016 1:50:06 PM
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''Letter From Birmingham City Jail''

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630624-000
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
New York, N.Y.
Document Date
6/24/1963
Genre
Article
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Author Affiliation
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Document ID
630624-000
Document Date
6/24/1963
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Document Type
Document
Type of Signature
Signed (Handwritten signature of author)
Status
Cal. 8
Place Written
New York, N.Y.
Genre
Article
Document Length
10 pp.
Document Note
Enclosed in 630621-001.
Published In
New Leader 66 (24 June 1963): 3-11.
Dates
4/16/1963
9/1962
3/1963
1954
4/12/1963
4/7/1963
Names
Paul, the Apostle, Saint
Shuttlesworth, Fred L. [Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)]
Connor, Eugene [Birmingham (Ala.). Dept. of Public Safety]
Socrates
Boutwell, Albert Burton [Birmingham (Ala.). Office of the Mayor]
Niebuhr, Reinhold
King, Yolanda
King, Martin Luther, III
Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo
Aquinas, Thomas, Saint
Buber, Martin
Tillich, Paul
Shadrach (Biblical figure)
Meshach (Biblical figure)
Abednego (Biblical figure)
Nebuchadnezzar II, King of Babylonia, d. 562 B.C.
Hitler, Adolf
Jesus Christ
Elijah Muhammad
Amos (Biblical prophet)
Luther, Martin
Bunyan, John
Lincoln, Abraham
Jefferson, Thomas
McGill, Ralph
Smith, Lillian Eugenia
Golden, Harry
Dabbs, James McBride
Stallings, Earl [First Baptist Church (Birmingham, Ala.)]
Barnett, Ross R. [Mississippi. Office of the Governor]
Wallace, George C. (George Corley) [Alabama. Office of the Governor]
King, Martin Luther
Williams, Adam Daniel (A. D.)
Williams, Willis
Pritchett, Laurie [Albany (Ga.). Police Dept.]
Eliot, T. S. (Thomas Stearns)
Meredith, James
Organizations
Birmingham City Jail (Birmingham, Ala.)
Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)
Birmingham (Ala.). Dept. of Public Safety
Birmingham (Ala.). Office of the Mayor
United States. Supreme Court
Alabama. Legislature. Senate.
Alabama. Legislature. House of Representatives.
Ku Klux Klan
White Citizens Council
First Baptist Church (Birmingham, Ala.)
Spring Hill College (Mobile, Ala.)
Birmingham (Ala.). Police Dept.
Mississippi. Office of the Governor
Alabama. Office of the Governor
Albany (Ga.). Police Dept.
Places
Atlanta, Ga.
Birmingham, Ala.
New Orleans, La.
Montgomery, Ala.
Albany, Ga.
Texas
Mississippi
Germany
Hungary
Plymouth, Mass.
Topics
Letter from a Birmingham Jail
Afro-Americans - Civil rights
Albany Movement
Birmingham, 1963
Civil Disobedience
Civil rights
Direct action
Jews
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Arrests
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Natural law
Nonviolence
Police - Complaints against
Segregation--law and legislation
Church and Race Relations
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Publications - Reprints
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Political and Social views
Sit-ins
Freedom rides
Other Topics
Matthew 5:44
Amos 5:24
Galatians 6:17
Acts 5:29
Code for Location of Original
labc-MiU
Location of Original
Labadie Collection, University of Michigan, Hatcher Library, Ann Arbor
Copy Location (1)
RJBPC-CLU-AR, Ralph J. Bunche Collection (2051), University of California, Los Angeles, Charles E. Young Research Library, Special Collections, Los Angeles, Calif.
Copy Location (2)
MLKJP-GAMK, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers (Series I-IV), Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Copy Location (3)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
5/15/1996 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
05/17/1996
Date Updated
3/22/2016 4:54:09 PM
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''Direct Action for Negroes: Is It Unnecessary?''

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630800-003
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
New York, N.Y.
Document Date
8/1963
Genre
Article
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Document ID
630800-003
Document Date
8/1963
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Document Type
Document
Status
Not in
Place Written
New York, N.Y.
Genre
Article
Document Length
5 pp.
Published In
Current (August 1963): 16-20.
Dates
9/1962
1954
4/16/1963
Names
Shuttlesworth, Fred L. [Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)]
Connor, Eugene
Socrates
King, Yolanda
Elijah Muhammad
Jesus Christ
Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo
Hitler, Adolf
Meredith, James
Organizations
Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)
Funtown (Atlanta, Ga.)
United States. Supreme Court
Alabama. Legislature
Birmingham (Ala.). Police Dept.
White Citizens Council
Ku Klux Klan
Places
Birmingham, Ala.
New Orleans, La.
Germany
Hungary
Montgomery, Ala.
Topics
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Arrests
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Critics
Birmingham, 1963
Nonviolence
Letter from a Birmingham Jail
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Publications - Reprints
Direct action
Sit-ins
Freedom rides
Code for Location of Original
MLKJP-GAMK
Location of Original
Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers (Series I-IV), Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
5/21/1996 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
05/29/1996
Date Updated
4/21/2016 1:43:57 PM
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Draft, What the Marchers Really Want

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630825-003
Author
[King, Martin Luther, Jr.]
Place Written
[Atlanta, Ga.]
Document Date
8/25/1963
Genre
Article
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Typed
Author
[King, Martin Luther, Jr.]
Author Dates
1929-1968
Document ID
630825-003
Document Date
8/25/1963
Type of Writing
Typed
Document Type
Document
Type of Version
Draft
Status
Cal. 8
Place Written
[Atlanta, Ga.]
Genre
Article
Document Length
4 pp.
Names
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald) [United States. White House]
Organizations
United States. White House
Places
Birmingham, Ala.
New York, N.Y.
Topics
Discrimination in housing
Discrimination in public accommodations
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Publications
equality
Afro-Americans - Economic conditions
Afro-Americans - Social conditions
Nonviolence
Direct action
Sit-ins
Freedom rides
Civil rights
Code for Location of Original
MLKJP-GAMK
Location of Original
Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers (Series I-IV), Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
8/20/1998 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
08/25/1998
Date Updated
6/29/2016 2:57:05 PM
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Draft, ''The Negro Revolution - Why 1963?,'' Why We Can't Wait

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document640500-015
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
[Atlanta, Ga.]
Document Date
[12/1963-5/1964]
Genre
Essay
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Typed
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Document ID
640500-015
Document Date
[12/1963-5/1964]
Type of Writing
Typed
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Document Type
Document
Type of Version
Draft
Status
Undecided
Place Written
[Atlanta, Ga.]
Genre
Essay
Document Length
55 pp.
Names
Curry, Izola
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald)
Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines)
Maynard, Aubre de L.
Willkie, Wendell L. (Wendell Lewis)
Gandhi, Mahatma
Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David)
Peck, Gregory
Johnson, Samuel
Connor, Eugene
Bunche, Ralph J. (Ralph Johnson)
Hibbler, Al
Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt)
Washington, Booker T.
Meredith, James
Parks, Rosa
Organizations
University of Mississippi
United States. Supreme Court
Democratic Party
Republican Party
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
United Nations
Places
Montgomery, Ala.
Chicago, Ill.
Birmingham, Ala.
Albany, Ga.
Los Angeles, Calif.
New York, N.Y.
Topics
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Publications
Afro-Americans - Civil rights
Emancipation Proclamation
Nonviolence
Democratic Convention, 1960
political participation
Boycotts
Afro-Americans - Economic conditions
Slavery
Colonialism
Police - Complaints against
Afro-Americans--Intimidation of
Civil rights movements
Albany Movement
Brown vs. Board of Education, Topeka, Kansas
Voter registration
Church and Race Relations
Direct action
Discrimination in public accomodations
Birmingham, 1963
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Threats/attacks against
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Sit-ins
Why We Can't Wait
Other Topics
Why We Can't Wait
Stride Toward Freedom
To Kill A Mockingbird
Time Magazine
U.S. Constitution
Code for Location of Original
HPP-MCR-S
Location of Original
Hermine Isaacs Popper Miscellaneous Papers, 1958-1964, Radcliffe College, Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Cambridge, Mass.
Location of Original - Detail
Box 2, folder 23
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
8/11/1999 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
08/13/1999
Date Updated
9/2/2010 11:31:55 AM
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Draft, ''Chapter IV, New Day in Birmingham,'' Why We Can't Wait

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document640500-019
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
[Atlanta, Ga.]
Document Date
[12/1963-5/1964]
Genre
Essay
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Typed
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Document ID
640500-019
Document Date
[12/1963-5/1964]
Type of Writing
Typed
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Document Type
Document
Type of Version
Draft
Status
Undecided
Place Written
[Atlanta, Ga.]
Genre
Essay
Document Length
11 pp.
Dates
4/3/1963
4/15/1963
Names
Boutwell, Albert Burton
Shuttlesworth, Fred L.
Connor, Eugene
Abernathy, Ralph
Walker, Wyatt Tee
Lawson, James M.
Lee, Bernard Scott
Bevel, James L. (James Luther)
Nash, Diane
Young, Andrew
Cotton, Dorothy
Kennedy, Robert F.
Anderson, Marian
Bunche, Ralph J. (Ralph Johnson)
Robinson, Jackie
Organizations
Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)
Birmingham News
Washington Post Company
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Places
Montgomery, Ala.
Topics
Why We Can't Wait
Birmingham, 1963
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Publications
Southern Christian Leadership Conference--staff
Sit-ins
Southern Christian Leadership Conference--meetings
Freedom songs
Southern Christian Leadership Conference--relations with other organizations
Police - Complaints against
Nonviolence
Other Topics
New Day Dawns for Birmingham
We Shall Overcome
Ain't Gonna Let Nobody Turn Me 'Round
Code for Location of Original
MLKP-MBU
Location of Original
Martin Luther King, Jr., Papers, 1954-1968, Boston University, Boston, Mass.
Location of Original - Detail
Box 89, folder 9 (4 of 5)
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
11/15/1999 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
11/16/1999
Date Updated
6/24/2010 9:55:45 AM
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''The Protest Movement and the Law''

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document650000-145
Document Date
[1965]
Genre
Essay
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Typed
Document ID
650000-145
Document Date
[1965]
Type of Writing
Typed
Document Type
Document
Status
undecided
Genre
Essay
Document Length
30 pp.
Dates
6/11/1963
3/7/1965
2/4/1965
3/9/1965
Names
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald)
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Wallace, George C. (George Corley)
Jeanine, Mary
Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines)
Johnson, Frank Minis
Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David)
Katzenbach, Nicholas deB. (Nicholas deBelleville)
Clark, James
Connor, Eugene
Lomax, Louis
Hugo, Victor
Dirksen, Everett McKinley
Thurman, Howard
Gandhi, Mahatma
Johnson, Mordecai W. (Mordecai Wyatt)
Wofford, Harris
Thoreau, Henry David
Socrates
Garrison, William Lloyd
Bickel, Alexander M.
Black, Charles L.
Taylor, William Robert
White, Byron R.
Goldberg, Arthur J.
Barnett, Ross R.
Rustin, Bayard
Acton, John Emerich Edward Dahlberg Acton, Baron
Black, Hugo LaFayette
Organizations
University of Alabama
Alabama National Guard
United States. Dept. of Justice
Cardinal Stritch College
Montgomery Freedom Riders
Dallas Citizens' Council
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (US)
Hampton Institute
Howard University
University of Notre Dame
United States. Commission on Civil Rights
United States. Internal Revenue Service
Yale University
United States. Supreme Court
United States. White House
Places
Selma, Ala.
Montgomery, Ala.
Little Rock, Ark.
Tuscaloosa, Ala.
Oxford, Ala.
Dallas County, Ala.
Birmingham, Ala.
Baton Rouge, La.
Vietnam
Topics
Afro-American student movements
Afro-Americans - Civil rights
Arrest
Civil Disobedience
Civil Rights Act, 1964
Civil rights demonstrations
Nonviolence
Voter registration
Freedom rides
Police - Complaints against
Selma-Montgomery Rights March, 1965
Sit-ins
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Trials, litigation, etc.
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Arrests
Other Topics
Negro Revolt
United States Constitution
Code for Location of Original
BMPP-MBJFK
Location of Original
Burke Marshall Personal Papers, John F. Kennedy Presidential Library, Boston, Mass.
Location of Original - Detail
MWalk
Date Created
2/7/2005 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
2/22/2005 11:46:37
ebrummel
Date Updated
6/2/2015 9:19:22 AM
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Notes on Civil Rights Movement

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document730000-009
Author
[Horton, Myles]
Document Date
[1973]
Genre
Essay
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Autograph -- author's hand
Author
[Horton, Myles]
Author Dates
1905-1990
Document ID
730000-009
Document Date
[1973]
Type of Writing
Autograph -- author's hand
Document Type
Document
Type of Version
Fragment
Status
undecided
Genre
Essay
Document Length
2 pp.
Dates
1930
Names
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Parks, Rosa
Plato
Randolph, A. Philip (Asa Philip)
Organizations
Southern Conference Educational Fund, Inc.
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (U.S.)
Communist Party
Places
Montgomery, Ala.
Little Rock, Ark.
Selma, Ala.
Topics
Civil rights movements
Freedom rides
Labor Movement
Little Rock School Crisis, 1957
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Assassination
Mississippi Summer Project, 1964
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Selma-Montgomery Rights March, 1965
Sit-ins
Brown vs. Board of Education, Topeka, Kansas
Code for Location of Original
HFSP-T
Location of Original
Highlander Folk School Papers, Tennessee State Archives, Nashville, Tenn.
Location of Original - Detail
Box 13, folder 6
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
1/26/2004 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
2/17/2004 11:8:28
jgandhi
Date Updated
6/2/2015 9:19:14 AM
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''Little Chance Seen for Effective Boycott''

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document560713-003
Author
Fullerton, Garry
Place Written
Nashville, Tenn.
Document Date
7/13/1956
Genre
Article
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Author
Fullerton, Garry
Document ID
560713-003
Document Date
7/13/1956
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Document Type
Document
Status
Cal. 3
Place Written
Nashville, Tenn.
Genre
Article
Document Length
1 p.
Published In
Nashville Tennessean, 7 July 1956.
Names
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Carter, Leroy
Organizations
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
Fisk University
Montgomery Improvement Association
Places
Birmingham, Ala.
Miami, Fla.
Montgomery, Ala.
Washington, D. C.
Topics
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Nonviolence
Sit-ins
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Public Speaking
Montgomery Improvement Association--Finance
Voter registration
Code for Location of Original
CSJP-TNF
Location of Original
Charles S. Johnson Papers, Fisk University, Nashville, Tenn.
Location of Original - Detail
Box 39, folder 4
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
1/11/1993 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
01/12/1993
Date Updated
3/23/2009 10:46:31 AM
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''New South Vol. 15 no. 3''

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document600300-008
Author
Southern Regional Council
Place Written
Atlanta, Ga.
Document Date
3/1960
Genre
Article
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Author
Southern Regional Council
Document ID
600300-008
Document Date
3/1960
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Document Type
Document
Status
Cal. 6
Place Written
Atlanta, Ga.
Genre
Article
Document Length
16 pp.
Dates
2/9/1960
Names
Constable, John
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Strassner, William Russell [Shaw University]
Patterson, Frederick D. (Frederick Douglass) [Tuskegee Institute]
Jones, Charles
Organizations
Shaw University
Tuskegee Institute
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
Places
North Carolina
Topics
Nonviolence
Sit-ins
Afro-American student movements
Discrimination in public accomodations
Afro-Americans and mass media
Student movements
Social Activism
Lunch counter sit-in, 1960
Code for Location of Original
CSKC-INP
Location of Original
Coretta Scott King Collection, In Private Hands
Location of Original - Detail
Sermon Files, folder 212
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
2/24/1998 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
06/02/1998
Date Updated
9/10/2009 2:03:29 PM
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32 records – page 1 of 4.