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Letter From a Birmingham Jail

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630416-041
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
Birmingham, Ala.
Document Date
4/16/1963
Genre
Letter
Document Type
Letter
Type of Writing
Typed
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Author Affiliation
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Document ID
630416-041
Document Date
4/16/1963
Type of Writing
Typed
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Document Type
Letter
Status
Cal. 8
Place Written
Birmingham, Ala.
Genre
Letter
Document Length
21 pp.
Dates
9/1962
4/14/1963
3/1963
4/2/1963
5/17/1954
4/12/1963
12/5/1955
Names
Carpenter, C. C. Jones [Episcopal Church. Diocese of Alabama]
Durick, Joseph A. [Catholic Church. Diocese of Mobile-Birmingham]
Grafman, Milton L. [Temple Emanu-El (Birmingham, Ala.)]
Harmon, Nolan B. [Methodist Church. North Alabama Conference]
Murray, George M. [Episcopal Church. Diocese of Alabama]
Ramage, Edward V. [Presbyterian Church of the U.S.A. Synod of Alabama]
Stallings, Earl [First Baptist Church (Birmingham, Ala.)]
Paul, the Apostle, Saint
Jesus Christ
Shuttlesworth, Fred L. [Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)]
Connor, Eugene [Birmingham (Ala.). Police Dept.]
Socrates
Boutwell, Albert Burton
Niebuhr, Reinhold
King, Yolanda
King, Martin Luther, III
Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo
Aquinas, Thomas, Saint
Buber, Martin
Tillich, Paul
Shadrach (Biblical figure)
Meshach (Biblical figure)
Abednego (Biblical figure)
Nebuchadnezzar II, King of Babylonia
Hitler, Adolf
Muhammad, Elijah [Nation of Islam]
Amos (Biblical prophet)
Luther, Martin
Bunyan, John
Lincoln, Abraham
Jefferson, Thomas
McGill, Ralph
Smith, Lillian Eugenia
Golden, Harry
Dabbs, James McBride
Wallace, George C. (George Corley) [Alabama. Office of the Governor]
Barnett, Ross R. [Mississippi. Office of the Governor]
Pritchett, Laurie [Albany (Ga.). Police Dept.]
Eliot, T. S. (Thomas Stearns)
Meredith, James
Pollard
Organizations
Episcopal Church. Diocese of Alabama
Catholic Church. Diocese of Mobile-Birmingham
Temple Emanu-El (Birmingham, Ala.)
Methodist Church. North Alabama Conference
Presbyterian Church of the U.S.A. Synod of Alabama
First Baptist Church (Birmingham, Ala.)
Birmingham (Ala.). City Jail
Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)
Funtown (Atlanta, Ga.)
United States. Supreme Court
White Citizens Council
Ku Klux Klan
Nation of Islam
Spring Hill College (Mobile, Ala.)
Alabama. Office of the Governor
Mississippi. Office of the Governor
Birmingham (Ala.). Police Dept.
Albany (Ga.). Police Dept.
Places
Atlanta, Ga.
Tarsus, Turkey
Macedonia
Africa
New Orleans, La.
Germany
Hungary
Texas
South America
Caribbean
Montgomery, Ala.
Mississippi
Albany, Ga.
Plymouth, Mass.
Topics
Birmingham, 1963
Letter from a Birmingham Jail
Police - Complaints against
Direct action
Sit-ins
Freedom rides
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Critics
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Political and Social views
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Publications
Nonviolence
Brown vs. Board of Education, Topeka, Kansas
Church and Race Relations
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Arrests
Civil Disobedience
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Afro-Americans--Intimidation of
Natural law
Discrimination in public accommodations
Other Topics
Matthew 5:44
Amos 5:24
Galatians 6:17
Code for Location of Original
GBP-ABH
Location of Original
George Bagley Papers, Samford University Special Collection and University Archives, Birmingham, Ala.
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
3/17/2022 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
6/9/2022 dalai
Date Updated
6/9/2022 3:05:19 PM
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Memo to Jamie Moore

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630417-017
Author
Allison, B. A.
Watkins, R. A.
Place Written
Birmingham, Ala.
Document Date
4/17/1963
Genre
Letter
Document Type
Letter
Type of Writing
Typed
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Author
Allison, B. A.
Watkins, R. A.
Author Affiliation
Birmingham (Ala.). Police Dept.
Document ID
630417-017
Document Date
4/17/1963
Type of Writing
Typed
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Document Type
Letter
Type of Version
Copy
Status
Cal. 8
Place Written
Birmingham, Ala.
Genre
Letter
Document Length
5 pp.
Dates
4/15/1963
4/16/1963
4/12/1963
Names
Moore, Jamie [Birmingham (Ala.). Police Dept.]
Cook, T. H. [Birmingham (Ala.). Police Dept.]
Gardner, Edward Hall
Woods, Abraham
Shuttlesworth, Fred L.
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Abernathy, Ralph
Connor, Eugene
Billingsley, Orzell
Jones, Clarence B.
Amaker, Norman C.
Fulton, Robert Brank
Walker, Wyatt Tee
Boutwell, Albert Burton [Birmingham (Ala.). Office of the Mayor]
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald) [United States. White House]
King, Coretta Scott
Kennedy, Robert F.
Salinger, Pierre [United States. White House]
Organizations
St. James Baptist Church (Birmingham, Ala.)
Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)
Birmingham (Ala.). City Jail
Birmingham (Ala.). City Hall
Jefferson County (Ala.). Courthouse
Sixteenth Street Baptist Church (Birmingham, Ala.)
Britt's Department Store (Birmingham, Ala.)
Sears Roebuck Department Store (Birmingham, Ala.)
Atlantic Mills Department Store (Birmingham, Ala.)
Birmingham (Ala.). Office of the Mayor
United States. White House
Apostolic Overcoming Holy Church of God (Birmingham, Ala.)
United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation
Places
Atlanta, Ga.
New York, N.Y.
Topics
Birmingham, 1963
Boycotts
Meetings
Police - Complaints against
Federal intervention
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Arrests
Code for Location of Original
DJG-GEU-S
Location of Original
David J. Garrow Collection, Manuscript, Archives, and Rare Book Library, Emory University, Atlanta, Ga.
Location of Original - Detail
Box 1.5, folder Birmingham Police Records
Copy Location (1)
EBCP-AB, T. Eugene "Bull" Connor Papers, Birmingham Public and Jefferson County Free Library, Birmingham, Ala.
Filing Info
Box 13, folder 3
Copy Location (2)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
4/11/2008 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
5/2/2012 kpp
4/21/2022 mcweaver
Date Updated
4/21/2022 4:47:49 PM
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Telegram to Martin Luther King, Jr.

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630419-001
Author
Randolph, A. Philip (Asa Philip)
Place Written
Chicago, Ill.
Document Date
4/19/1963
Genre
Letter
Document Type
Wire or Telegram
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Author
Randolph, A. Philip (Asa Philip)
Author Dates
1889-1979
Author Affiliation
Negro American Labor Council
Document ID
630419-001
Document Date
4/19/1963
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Document Type
Wire or Telegram
Type of Signature
Signed with representation of author (Handwritten signature by author's representative)
Status
v. cut
Cal. 8
Place Written
Chicago, Ill.
Genre
Letter
Document Length
1 p.
Names
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Organizations
Birmingham (Ala.). City Jail
Places
Birmingham, Ala.
Topics
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Arrests
Support correspondence
Code for Location of Original
APRP-DLC
Location of Original
A. Philip Randolph Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
Location of Original - Detail
Box 2
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
10/30/1990 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
11/08/1990
4/12/2022 mcweaver
Date Updated
4/12/2022 3:38:31 PM
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Letter to Martin Luther King, Jr.

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630419-006
Author
Reddick, Lawrence Dunbar
Place Written
Baltimore, Md.
Document Date
4/19/1963
Genre
Letter
Document Type
Letter
Type of Writing
Typed
Author
Reddick, Lawrence Dunbar
Author Dates
1910-1995
Author Affiliation
Coppin State Teachers College (Baltimore, Md.)
Document ID
630419-006
Document Date
4/19/1963
Type of Writing
Typed
Document Type
Letter
Type of Signature
Signed (Handwritten signature of author)
Status
Not in
Place Written
Baltimore, Md.
Genre
Letter
Document Length
1 p.
Dates
4/15/1963
4/30/1963
5/1/1963
Names
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Abernathy, Ralph
Organizations
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Birmingham (Ala.). City Jail
Places
Birmingham, Ala.
Memphis, Tenn.
Topics
Birmingham, 1963
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Arrests
Meetings
Code for Location of Original
MLKJP-GAMK
Location of Original
Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers (Series I-IV), Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Location of Original - Detail
Box 20, folder 4
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
8/12/2003 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
8/21/2003 16:38:48
ebrummel
Date Updated
9/15/2016 9:57:16 AM
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Letter to Martin Luther King, Jr.

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630426-004
Author
Proctor, Samuel D.
Place Written
Washington, D.C.
Document Date
4/26/1963
Genre
Letter
Document Type
Letter
Type of Writing
Typed
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Author
Proctor, Samuel D.
Document ID
630426-004
Document Date
4/26/1963
Type of Writing
Typed
Handwritten -- other than author's hand
Document Type
Letter
Type of Signature
Signed (Handwritten signature of author)
Status
In Vol. 8
Place Written
Washington, D.C.
Genre
Letter
Document Length
2 pp.
Dates
4/4/1963
3/28/1963
Names
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Proctor, Bessie
King, Bernice A.
Proctor, Samuel T.
Golden, Charles F.
Places
Atlanta, Ga.
Nigeria
Topics
Birmingham, 1963
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Arrests
Support correspondence
Code for Location of Original
MLKJP-GAMK
Location of Original
Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers (Series I-IV), Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Location of Original - Detail
Box 19, folder 49
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
8/12/2003 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
8/21/2003 16:38:3
10/26/2011 alexmw
3/3/2017 tenisha
Date Updated
3/3/2017 1:20:39 PM
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Form letter to Friend

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630500-003
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
Birmingham, Ala.
Document Date
5/1963
Genre
Letter
Document Type
Letter
Type of Writing
Typed
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Author Affiliation
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Document ID
630500-003
Document Date
5/1963
Type of Writing
Typed
Document Type
Letter
Type of Signature
Signed (Handwritten signature of author)
Status
v. cut
Cal. 8
Place Written
Birmingham, Ala.
Genre
Letter
Document Length
4 pp.
Document Note
Includes enclosures.
Dates
5/14/1961
4/4/1963
4/3/1963
4/14/1963
4/13/1963
4/12/1963
Names
Abernathy, Ralph [Southern Christian Leadership Conference]
Shuttlesworth, Fred L. [Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)]
Walker, Wyatt Tee
Boutwell, Albert Burton [Birmingham (Ala.). Office of the Mayor]
Connor, Eugene [Birmingham (Ala.). Dept. of Public Safety]
Harris, George
Reese, Carlton [Miles College (Birmingham, Ala.)]
Harris, James L. [Miles College (Birmingham, Ala.)]
Bell, Dorothy [Miles College (Birmingham, Ala.)]
Robinson, Mary [Miles College (Birmingham, Ala.)]
Baylor, Lela
Woods, Calvin
Organizations
Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)
Montgomery Advertiser
Birmingham (Ala.). Office of the Mayor
Birmingham (Ala.). Police Dept.
F. W. Woolworth Department Store (Birmingham, Ala.)
Miles College (Fairfield, Ala.)
Britts Department Store (Birmingham, Ala.)
New York Journal American
Birmingham (Ala.). City Jail
Birmingham (Ala.). Dept. of Public Safety
Places
Johannesburg, South Africa
Montgomery, Ala.
Topics
Afro-Americans - Civil rights
Apartheid--South Africa
Birmingham, 1963
Civil Disobedience
Civil rights demonstrations
Direct action
Freedom rides
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Arrests
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Sit-ins
Southern Christian Leadership Conference--fund raising
Voter registration
Code for Location of Original
BGP-NcCU
Location of Original
Benjamin Gitlow Papers, University of North Carolina, Charlotte, N.C.
Location of Original - Detail
Box 1, folder 7(1)
Copy Location (1)
SCLCR-GAMK, Southern Christian Leadership Conference Records, 1954-1970, Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Filing Info
Box 7, folder 19
Copy Location (2)
SCLCR-GAMK, Southern Christian Leadership Conference Records, 1954-1970, Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Filing Info
Box 9, folder 8
Copy Location (3)
JBMP-NcD, J. B. Matthews Papers, Duke University, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Durham, N.C.
Filing Info
Box 498, folder 17
Copy Location (4)
NNCRF, The Christopher Reynolds Foundation, Inc., Collection, New York, N.Y.
Copy Location (5)
SCLCR-GAMK, Southern Christian Leadership Conference Records, 1954-1970, Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Filing Info
Box 8, folder 20
Copy Location (6)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
11/17/1995 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
11/20/1995
9/16/2021 dalai
Date Updated
9/16/2021 8:48:07 AM
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''Detroit Convention Condemns Race Bias''

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630524-028
Author
Baptist Press
Place Written
Nashville, Tenn.
Document Date
5/24/1963
Genre
Letter
Document Type
Document
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Author
Baptist Press
Author Affiliation
Southern Baptist Convention
Document ID
630524-028
Document Date
5/24/1963
Type of Writing
Printed -- published
Document Type
Document
Status
Cal. 7
Place Written
Nashville, Tenn.
Genre
Letter
Document Length
4 pp.
Names
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Abernathy, Ralph
Jesus Christ
Organizations
American Baptist Convention
United Nations
United States. Commission on Civil Rights
Southern Baptist Convention
Places
Louisville, Ky.
Detroit, Mich.
Topics
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Political and Social views
Church and Race Relations
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Career in Ministry
Code for Location of Original
SBHLA
Location of Original
Southern Baptist Historical Library and Archives, Nashville, Tenn.
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
9/9/2011 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
9/9/2011
9/9/2011 soverton
Date Updated
6/2/2015 9:20:00 AM
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Letter to Lorenzo Spicer

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630603-012
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Place Written
[Atlanta, Ga.]
Document Date
6/3/1963
Genre
Letter
Document Type
Letter
Type of Writing
Typed
Author
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Author Dates
1929-1968
Document ID
630603-012
Document Date
6/3/1963
Type of Writing
Typed
Document Type
Letter
Type of Version
Copy
Status
v. cut
Cal. 8
Place Written
[Atlanta, Ga.]
Genre
Letter
Document Length
2 pp.
Document Note
Enclosed in 630603-011.
Dates
2/13/1963
5/15/1963
Names
Spicer, Lorenzo [Antioch Baptist Church (Cleveland, Ohio)]
Smith, Kelly Miller
Smith, Alice
Smith, Dorothy
Smith, Joy A.
Smith, Adena M.
Smith, Valerie
Smith, Kelly Miller, Jr.
Wilkins, Mayme
Organizations
Antioch Baptist Church (Cleveland, Ohio)
First Baptist Church (Nashville, Tenn.)
Places
Cleveland, Ohio
Nashville, Tenn.
Topics
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Friends and Associates
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Career in Ministry
Code for Location of Original
MLKJP-GAMK
Location of Original
Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers (Series I-IV), Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Ga.
Location of Original - Detail
Box 63, folder 3
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
7/5/2005 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
7/19/2005 11:59:18
bhunter
6/27/2022 dalai
Date Updated
6/27/2022 11:06:23 AM
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Letter to Martin Luther King, Jr.

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630605-016
Author
Lawrence, George W.
Place Written
Brooklyn, N.Y.
Document Date
6/5/1963
Genre
Letter
Document Type
Letter
Type of Writing
Typed
Author
Lawrence, George W.
Author Affiliation
Antioch Baptist Church (Brooklyn, N.Y.)
Document ID
630605-016
Document Date
6/5/1963
Type of Writing
Typed
Document Type
Letter
Type of Signature
Signed with representation of author (Handwritten signature by author's representative)
Status
Cal. 8
Place Written
Brooklyn, N.Y.
Genre
Letter
Document Length
1 p.
Dates
6/30/1963
Names
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Williams, Joshua A. [Salem Methodist Church (Brooklyn, N.Y.)]
Organizations
Salem Methodist Church (Brooklyn, N.Y.)
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Places
Atlanta, Ga.
Topics
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Publications
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Career in Ministry
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Public Speaking
Strength to Love
Other Topics
Strength to Love
Code for Location of Original
MLKP-MBU
Location of Original
Martin Luther King, Jr., Papers, 1954-1968, Howard Gotlieb Archival Research Center, Boston University, Boston, Mass.
Location of Original - Detail
Box 36, folder 3
Copy Location (1)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
4/16/2003 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
6/27/2022 dalai
Date Updated
11/23/2022 12:01:15 PM
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Letter to Robert F. Kennedy

http://okra.stanford.edu/en/permalink/document630606-039
Author
Macy, John W.
Place Written
Washington, D.C.
Document Date
6/6/1963
Genre
Letter
Document Type
Letter
Type of Writing
Typed
Author
Macy, John W.
Author Dates
1917-1986
Author Affiliation
United States. Civil Service Commission
Document ID
630606-039
Document Date
6/6/1963
Type of Writing
Typed
Document Type
Letter
Type of Signature
Signed (Handwritten signature of author)
Status
Cal. 8
Place Written
Washington, D.C.
Genre
Letter
Document Length
1 p.
Document Note
Contains enclosure 630416-027.
Dates
6/5/1963
Names
Kennedy, Robert F. [United States. Dept. of Justice]
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Places
Birmingham, Ala.
Topics
Letter from a Birmingham Jail
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Arrests
Martin Luther King, Jr. - Political and Social views
Code for Location of Original
BMCRFA-AB
Location of Original
Burke Marshall, Files on Civil Rights in Alabama, Birmingham Public and Jefferson County Free Library, Birmingham, Ala.
Location of Original - Detail
Box 1, folder 5
Copy Location (1)
DJG-GEU-S, David J. Garrow Collection, Manuscript, Archives, and Rare Book Library, Emory University, Atlanta, Ga.
Filing Info
Box 1.1
Copy Location (2)
MLKPP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Date Created
5/7/2012 12:00:00 AM
Date Verified
5/14/2012 alexmw
8/27/2019 dalai
Date Updated
8/27/2019 11:47:56 AM
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958 records – page 1 of 96.